Biological Concepts for the Control of Aquatic Zoosporic Diseases

Thijs Frenken (Corresponding Author), Ramsy Agha, Dirk S. Schmeller, Pieter van West, Justyna Wolinska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Aquatic zoosporic diseases are threatening global biodiversity and ecosystem
services, as well as economic activities. Current means of controlling zoosporic
diseases are restricted primarily to chemical treatments, which are usually harmful
or likely to be ineffective in the long term. Furthermore, some of these chemicals
have been banned due to adverse effects. As a result, there is a need for alternative methods with minimal side-effects on the ecosystem or environment. Here,
we integrate existing knowledge of three poorly interconnected areas of disease
research – amphibian conservation, aquaculture, and plankton ecology – and
arrange it into seven biological concepts to control zoosporic diseases. These
strategies may be less harmful and more sustainable than chemical approaches.
However, more research is needed before safe application is possible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-582
Number of pages12
JournalTrends in Parasitology
Issue number7
Early online date7 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • aquaculture
  • biodiversity
  • chytrid
  • oomycete
  • pathogen
  • plankton


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