Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions

Pete Smith*, Steven J. Davis, Felix Creutzig, Sabine Fuss, Jan Minx, Benoit Gabrielle, Etsushi Kato, Robert B. Jackson, Annette Cowie, Elmar Kriegler, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Joeri Rogelj, Philippe Ciais, Jennifer Milne, Josep G. Canadell, David McCollum, Glen Peters, Robbie Andrew, Volker Krey, Gyami Shrestha & 20 others Pierre Friedlingstein, Thomas Gasser, Arnulf Gruebler, Wolfgang K. Heidug, Matthias Jonas, Chris D. Jones, Florian Kraxner, Emma Littleton, Jason Lowe, Jose Roberto Moreira, Nebojsa Nakicenovic, Michael Obersteiner, Anand Patwardhan, Mathis Rogner, Ed Rubin, Ayyoob Sharifi, Asbjorn Torvanger, Yoshiki Yamagata, Jae Edmonds, Yongsung Cho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

328 Citations (Scopus)
6 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

To have a >50% chance of limiting warming below 2 degrees C, most recent scenarios from integrated assessment models (IAMs) require large-scale deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs). These are technologies that result in the net removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. We quantify potential global impacts of the different NETs on various factors (such as land, greenhouse gas emissions, water, albedo, nutrients and energy) to determine the biophysical limits to, and economic costs of, their widespread application. Resource implications vary between technologies and need to be satisfactorily addressed if NETs are to have a significant role in achieving climate goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
JournalNature Climate Change
Volume6
Early online date7 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

Cite this

Smith, P., Davis, S. J., Creutzig, F., Fuss, S., Minx, J., Gabrielle, B., ... Cho, Y. (2016). Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change, 6, 42-50. https://doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2870

Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions. / Smith, Pete; Davis, Steven J.; Creutzig, Felix; Fuss, Sabine; Minx, Jan; Gabrielle, Benoit; Kato, Etsushi; Jackson, Robert B.; Cowie, Annette; Kriegler, Elmar; van Vuuren, Detlef P.; Rogelj, Joeri; Ciais, Philippe; Milne, Jennifer; Canadell, Josep G.; McCollum, David; Peters, Glen; Andrew, Robbie; Krey, Volker; Shrestha, Gyami; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gasser, Thomas; Gruebler, Arnulf; Heidug, Wolfgang K.; Jonas, Matthias; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Littleton, Emma; Lowe, Jason; Moreira, Jose Roberto; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Obersteiner, Michael; Patwardhan, Anand; Rogner, Mathis; Rubin, Ed; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Torvanger, Asbjorn; Yamagata, Yoshiki; Edmonds, Jae; Cho, Yongsung.

In: Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, 01.2016, p. 42-50.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

Smith, P, Davis, SJ, Creutzig, F, Fuss, S, Minx, J, Gabrielle, B, Kato, E, Jackson, RB, Cowie, A, Kriegler, E, van Vuuren, DP, Rogelj, J, Ciais, P, Milne, J, Canadell, JG, McCollum, D, Peters, G, Andrew, R, Krey, V, Shrestha, G, Friedlingstein, P, Gasser, T, Gruebler, A, Heidug, WK, Jonas, M, Jones, CD, Kraxner, F, Littleton, E, Lowe, J, Moreira, JR, Nakicenovic, N, Obersteiner, M, Patwardhan, A, Rogner, M, Rubin, E, Sharifi, A, Torvanger, A, Yamagata, Y, Edmonds, J & Cho, Y 2016, 'Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions', Nature Climate Change, vol. 6, pp. 42-50. https://doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2870
Smith P, Davis SJ, Creutzig F, Fuss S, Minx J, Gabrielle B et al. Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change. 2016 Jan;6:42-50. https://doi.org/10.1038/NCLIMATE2870
Smith, Pete ; Davis, Steven J. ; Creutzig, Felix ; Fuss, Sabine ; Minx, Jan ; Gabrielle, Benoit ; Kato, Etsushi ; Jackson, Robert B. ; Cowie, Annette ; Kriegler, Elmar ; van Vuuren, Detlef P. ; Rogelj, Joeri ; Ciais, Philippe ; Milne, Jennifer ; Canadell, Josep G. ; McCollum, David ; Peters, Glen ; Andrew, Robbie ; Krey, Volker ; Shrestha, Gyami ; Friedlingstein, Pierre ; Gasser, Thomas ; Gruebler, Arnulf ; Heidug, Wolfgang K. ; Jonas, Matthias ; Jones, Chris D. ; Kraxner, Florian ; Littleton, Emma ; Lowe, Jason ; Moreira, Jose Roberto ; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa ; Obersteiner, Michael ; Patwardhan, Anand ; Rogner, Mathis ; Rubin, Ed ; Sharifi, Ayyoob ; Torvanger, Asbjorn ; Yamagata, Yoshiki ; Edmonds, Jae ; Cho, Yongsung. / Biophysical and economic limits to negative CO2 emissions. In: Nature Climate Change. 2016 ; Vol. 6. pp. 42-50.
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abstract = "To have a >50{\%} chance of limiting warming below 2 degrees C, most recent scenarios from integrated assessment models (IAMs) require large-scale deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs). These are technologies that result in the net removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. We quantify potential global impacts of the different NETs on various factors (such as land, greenhouse gas emissions, water, albedo, nutrients and energy) to determine the biophysical limits to, and economic costs of, their widespread application. Resource implications vary between technologies and need to be satisfactorily addressed if NETs are to have a significant role in achieving climate goals.",
author = "Pete Smith and Davis, {Steven J.} and Felix Creutzig and Sabine Fuss and Jan Minx and Benoit Gabrielle and Etsushi Kato and Jackson, {Robert B.} and Annette Cowie and Elmar Kriegler and {van Vuuren}, {Detlef P.} and Joeri Rogelj and Philippe Ciais and Jennifer Milne and Canadell, {Josep G.} and David McCollum and Glen Peters and Robbie Andrew and Volker Krey and Gyami Shrestha and Pierre Friedlingstein and Thomas Gasser and Arnulf Gruebler and Heidug, {Wolfgang K.} and Matthias Jonas and Jones, {Chris D.} and Florian Kraxner and Emma Littleton and Jason Lowe and Moreira, {Jose Roberto} and Nebojsa Nakicenovic and Michael Obersteiner and Anand Patwardhan and Mathis Rogner and Ed Rubin and Ayyoob Sharifi and Asbjorn Torvanger and Yoshiki Yamagata and Jae Edmonds and Yongsung Cho",
note = "Acknowledgements The views expressed herein are those of the authors, and do not represent those of a particular governmental agency or interagency body. This analysis was initiated at a Global Carbon Project meeting on NETs in Laxenburg, Austria, in April 2013 and contributes to the MaGNET program (http://www.cger.nies.go.jp/gcp/magnet.html). G.P.P. was supported by the Norwegian Research Council (236296). C.D.J. was supported by the Joint UK DECC/Defra Met Office Hadley Centre Climate Programme (GA01101). J.G.C. acknowledges support from the Australian Climate Change Science Program. E.Ka. and Y.Y. were supported by the ERTDF (S-10) from the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.",
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AU - Minx, Jan

AU - Gabrielle, Benoit

AU - Kato, Etsushi

AU - Jackson, Robert B.

AU - Cowie, Annette

AU - Kriegler, Elmar

AU - van Vuuren, Detlef P.

AU - Rogelj, Joeri

AU - Ciais, Philippe

AU - Milne, Jennifer

AU - Canadell, Josep G.

AU - McCollum, David

AU - Peters, Glen

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AU - Shrestha, Gyami

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AU - Gasser, Thomas

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AU - Heidug, Wolfgang K.

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AU - Moreira, Jose Roberto

AU - Nakicenovic, Nebojsa

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AU - Patwardhan, Anand

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AU - Sharifi, Ayyoob

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AU - Yamagata, Yoshiki

AU - Edmonds, Jae

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N2 - To have a >50% chance of limiting warming below 2 degrees C, most recent scenarios from integrated assessment models (IAMs) require large-scale deployment of negative emissions technologies (NETs). These are technologies that result in the net removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. We quantify potential global impacts of the different NETs on various factors (such as land, greenhouse gas emissions, water, albedo, nutrients and energy) to determine the biophysical limits to, and economic costs of, their widespread application. Resource implications vary between technologies and need to be satisfactorily addressed if NETs are to have a significant role in achieving climate goals.

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DO - 10.1038/NCLIMATE2870

M3 - Literature review

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