Biphasic effect of falcarinol on CaCo-2 cell proliferation, DNA damage, and apoptosis

Jette F. Young, Susan J. Duthie, Lesley Milne, Lars P. Christensen, Garry G. Duthie, Charles Bestwick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


The polyacetylene falcarinol, isolated from carrots, has been shown to be protective against chemically induced colon cancer development in rats, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. In this study CaCo-2 cells were exposed to falcarinol (0.5-100 mu M) and the effects on proliferation, DNA damage, and apoptosis investigated. Low-dose falcarinol exposure (0.5-10 mu M) decreased expression of the apoptosis indicator caspase-3 concomitantly with decreased basal DNA strand breakage. Cell proliferation was increased (1-10 mu M), whereas cellular attachment was unaffected by < 10 mu M falcarinol. At concentrations above 20 mu Mu falcarinol, proliferation of CaCo-2 cells decreased and the number of cells expressing active caspase-3 increased simultaneously with increased cell detachment. Furthermore, DNA single-strand breakage was significantly increased at concentrations above 10 mu M falcarinol. Thus, the effects of falcarinol on CaCo-2 cells appear to be biphasic, inducing pro-proliferative and apoptotic characteristics at low and high concentrations of falcarinol, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)618-623
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number3
Early online date11 Jan 2007
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2007


  • polyacetylene
  • falcarinol
  • CaCo-2 cells
  • apoptosis
  • DNA damage
  • caspase-3
  • proliferation
  • Daucus-Carota L.
  • Beta-Carotene
  • in-vitro
  • strand breaks
  • dietary flavonoids
  • human-lymphocytes
  • reactive oxygen
  • lung-cancer
  • comet assay
  • vegetables


Dive into the research topics of 'Biphasic effect of falcarinol on CaCo-2 cell proliferation, DNA damage, and apoptosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this