Brain Drain: Social and Political Consequences in Developing Countries

Lisdey Espinoza Pedraza

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Brain Drain is an integral part of globalization, and a significant challenge for least developed countries undergoing processes of modernization. Traditionally, Brain Drain has been seen to zero sun game that makes the rich richer, and the poor, poorer. Globalization has led to increased international demand for skilled labor. Brain Drain suggests an unequal distribution of advantages and disadvantages of global migration. However, this unequal distribution could effectively be reverted if immediate action is taken, challenges to host and source countries are identified, and policies are adopted to revert its negative effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-48
Number of pages20
JournalRevista Grafía
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013


  • brain drain
  • host countries
  • source countries
  • highly-skilled migration
  • golalization
  • Latin America
  • migration


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