Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar

John Clifton-Brown (Corresponding Author), Antoine Harfouche, Michael D. Casler, Huw Dylan Jones, William J. Macalpine, Donal Murphy-Bokern, Lawrence B. Smart, Anneli Adler, Chris Ashman, Danny Awty-Carroll, Catherine Bastien, Sebastian Bopper, Vasile Botnari, Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel, Zhiyong Chen, Lindsay V. Clark, Salvatore Cosentino, Sue Dalton, Chris Davey, Oene Dolstra & 39 others Iain Donnison, Richard Flavell, Joerg Greef, Steve Hanley, Astley Hastings, Magnus Hertzberg, Tsai-Wen Hsu, Lin Huang, Antonella Iurato, Elaine Jensen, Xiaoli Jin, Uffe Jørgensen, Andreas Kiesel, Do-Soon Kim, Jianxiu Liu, Jon P. McCalmont, Bernard G. McMahon, Michal Mos, Paul Robson, Erik J. Sacks, Anatolii Sandu, Giovanni Scalici, Kai Schwarz, Danilo Scordia, Reza Shafiei, Ian Shield, Gancho Slavov, Brian J. Stanton, Kankshita Swaminathan, Gail Taylor, Andres F. Torres, Luisa M. Trindade, Timothy Tschaplinski, Jerry Tuskan, Toshihiko Yamada, Chang Yeon Yu, Ron -Fs Zalesny, Junqin Zong, Iris Lewandowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of 5 germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted deliberate crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed‐based synthetic populations, semi‐hybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding
cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass‐scale deployment of PBCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-151
Number of pages33
JournalGlobal Change Biology. Bioenergy
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online date23 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Miscanthus
Panicum virgatum
energy crops
Crops
Biomass
breeding
crop
biomass
cultivar
cultivars
clone
clones
Genes
synthetic populations
informatics
breeding methods
genetic resource
germplasm
Salix
germplasm conservation

Keywords

  • bioenergy
  • feedstocks
  • lignocellulose
  • M. sacchariflorus
  • M. sinensis
  • Miscanthus
  • Panicum virgatum
  • perennial biomass crop
  • Populus spp
  • Salix spp
  • M. sacchariflorus
  • Salix spp.
  • M. sinensis
  • Populus spp.
  • NATURAL-POPULATIONS
  • PLANT-REGENERATION
  • AGROBACTERIUM-MEDIATED TRANSFORMATION
  • BIOENERGY CROP
  • AGRONOMIC TRAITS
  • POPULATION-STRUCTURE
  • SINENSIS ANDERSS
  • TARGETED MUTAGENESIS
  • GENETIC-TRANSFORMATION
  • GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Clifton-Brown, J., Harfouche, A., Casler, M. D., Jones, H. D., Macalpine, W. J., Murphy-Bokern, D., ... Lewandowski, I. (2019). Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, 11(1), 118-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12566

Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. / Clifton-Brown, John (Corresponding Author); Harfouche, Antoine; Casler, Michael D.; Jones, Huw Dylan; Macalpine, William J.; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Smart, Lawrence B.; Adler, Anneli; Ashman, Chris ; Awty-Carroll, Danny; Bastien, Catherine; Bopper, Sebastian; Botnari, Vasile; Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse; Chen, Zhiyong; Clark, Lindsay V.; Cosentino, Salvatore; Dalton, Sue; Davey, Chris; Dolstra, Oene; Donnison, Iain; Flavell, Richard; Greef, Joerg; Hanley, Steve; Hastings, Astley; Hertzberg, Magnus; Hsu, Tsai-Wen; Huang, Lin; Iurato, Antonella; Jensen, Elaine ; Jin, Xiaoli; Jørgensen, Uffe; Kiesel, Andreas; Kim, Do-Soon; Liu, Jianxiu; McCalmont, Jon P.; McMahon, Bernard G.; Mos, Michal; Robson, Paul; Sacks, Erik J.; Sandu, Anatolii; Scalici, Giovanni; Schwarz, Kai; Scordia, Danilo ; Shafiei, Reza; Shield, Ian; Slavov, Gancho; Stanton, Brian J.; Swaminathan, Kankshita; Taylor, Gail; Torres, Andres F.; Trindade, Luisa M. ; Tschaplinski, Timothy; Tuskan, Jerry; Yamada, Toshihiko; Yeon Yu, Chang; -Fs Zalesny, Ron; Zong, Junqin; Lewandowski, Iris.

In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 118-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clifton-Brown, J, Harfouche, A, Casler, MD, Jones, HD, Macalpine, WJ, Murphy-Bokern, D, Smart, LB, Adler, A, Ashman, C, Awty-Carroll, D, Bastien, C, Bopper, S, Botnari, V, Brancourt-Hulmel, M, Chen, Z, Clark, LV, Cosentino, S, Dalton, S, Davey, C, Dolstra, O, Donnison, I, Flavell, R, Greef, J, Hanley, S, Hastings, A, Hertzberg, M, Hsu, T-W, Huang, L, Iurato, A, Jensen, E, Jin, X, Jørgensen, U, Kiesel, A, Kim, D-S, Liu, J, McCalmont, JP, McMahon, BG, Mos, M, Robson, P, Sacks, EJ, Sandu, A, Scalici, G, Schwarz, K, Scordia, D, Shafiei, R, Shield, I, Slavov, G, Stanton, BJ, Swaminathan, K, Taylor, G, Torres, AF, Trindade, LM, Tschaplinski, T, Tuskan, J, Yamada, T, Yeon Yu, C, -Fs Zalesny, R, Zong, J & Lewandowski, I 2019, 'Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar', Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 118-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12566
Clifton-Brown, John ; Harfouche, Antoine ; Casler, Michael D. ; Jones, Huw Dylan ; Macalpine, William J. ; Murphy-Bokern, Donal ; Smart, Lawrence B. ; Adler, Anneli ; Ashman, Chris ; Awty-Carroll, Danny ; Bastien, Catherine ; Bopper, Sebastian ; Botnari, Vasile ; Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse ; Chen, Zhiyong ; Clark, Lindsay V. ; Cosentino, Salvatore ; Dalton, Sue ; Davey, Chris ; Dolstra, Oene ; Donnison, Iain ; Flavell, Richard ; Greef, Joerg ; Hanley, Steve ; Hastings, Astley ; Hertzberg, Magnus ; Hsu, Tsai-Wen ; Huang, Lin ; Iurato, Antonella ; Jensen, Elaine ; Jin, Xiaoli ; Jørgensen, Uffe ; Kiesel, Andreas ; Kim, Do-Soon ; Liu, Jianxiu ; McCalmont, Jon P. ; McMahon, Bernard G. ; Mos, Michal ; Robson, Paul ; Sacks, Erik J. ; Sandu, Anatolii ; Scalici, Giovanni ; Schwarz, Kai ; Scordia, Danilo ; Shafiei, Reza ; Shield, Ian ; Slavov, Gancho ; Stanton, Brian J. ; Swaminathan, Kankshita ; Taylor, Gail ; Torres, Andres F. ; Trindade, Luisa M. ; Tschaplinski, Timothy ; Tuskan, Jerry ; Yamada, Toshihiko ; Yeon Yu, Chang ; -Fs Zalesny, Ron ; Zong, Junqin ; Lewandowski, Iris. / Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 118-151.
@article{683cbe82e41f4adf8558245eb2cf5a54,
title = "Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar",
abstract = "Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of 5 germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted deliberate crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed‐based synthetic populations, semi‐hybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breedingcycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass‐scale deployment of PBCs.",
keywords = "bioenergy, feedstocks, lignocellulose, M. sacchariflorus, M. sinensis, Miscanthus, Panicum virgatum, perennial biomass crop, Populus spp, Salix spp, M. sacchariflorus, Salix spp., M. sinensis, Populus spp., NATURAL-POPULATIONS, PLANT-REGENERATION, AGROBACTERIUM-MEDIATED TRANSFORMATION, BIOENERGY CROP, AGRONOMIC TRAITS, POPULATION-STRUCTURE, SINENSIS ANDERSS, TARGETED MUTAGENESIS, GENETIC-TRANSFORMATION, GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION",
author = "John Clifton-Brown and Antoine Harfouche and Casler, {Michael D.} and Jones, {Huw Dylan} and Macalpine, {William J.} and Donal Murphy-Bokern and Smart, {Lawrence B.} and Anneli Adler and Chris Ashman and Danny Awty-Carroll and Catherine Bastien and Sebastian Bopper and Vasile Botnari and Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel and Zhiyong Chen and Clark, {Lindsay V.} and Salvatore Cosentino and Sue Dalton and Chris Davey and Oene Dolstra and Iain Donnison and Richard Flavell and Joerg Greef and Steve Hanley and Astley Hastings and Magnus Hertzberg and Tsai-Wen Hsu and Lin Huang and Antonella Iurato and Elaine Jensen and Xiaoli Jin and Uffe J{\o}rgensen and Andreas Kiesel and Do-Soon Kim and Jianxiu Liu and McCalmont, {Jon P.} and McMahon, {Bernard G.} and Michal Mos and Paul Robson and Sacks, {Erik J.} and Anatolii Sandu and Giovanni Scalici and Kai Schwarz and Danilo Scordia and Reza Shafiei and Ian Shield and Gancho Slavov and Stanton, {Brian J.} and Kankshita Swaminathan and Gail Taylor and Torres, {Andres F.} and Trindade, {Luisa M.} and Timothy Tschaplinski and Jerry Tuskan and Toshihiko Yamada and {Yeon Yu}, Chang and {-Fs Zalesny}, Ron and Junqin Zong and Iris Lewandowski",
note = "UK: The UK‐led miscanthus research and breeding was mainly supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the BBSRC CSP strategic funding grant BB/CSP1730/1, Innovate UK/BBSRC “MUST” BB/N016149/1, CERES Inc. and Terravesta Ltd. through the GIANT‐LINK project (LK0863). Genomic selection and genomewide association study activities were supported by BBSRC grant BB/K01711X/1, the BBSRC strategic programme grant on Energy Grasses & Bio‐refining BBS/E/W/10963A01. The UK‐led willow R&D work reported here was supported by BBSRC (BBS/E/C/00005199, BBS/E/C/00005201, BB/G016216/1, BB/E006833/1, BB/G00580X/1 and BBS/E/C/000I0410), Defra (NF0424) and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) (B/W6/00599/00/00). IT: The Brain Gain Program (Rientro dei cervelli) of the Italian Ministry of Education, University, and Research supports Antoine Harfouche. US: Contributions by Gerald Tuskan to this manuscript were supported by the Center for Bioenergy Innovation, a US Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Center supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the DOE Office of Science, under contract number DE‐AC05‐00OR22725. Willow breeding efforts at Cornell University have been supported by grants from the US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Contributions by the University of Illinois were supported primarily by the DOE Office of Science; Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER); grant nos. DE‐SC0006634, DE‐SC0012379 and DE‐SC0018420 (Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation); and the Energy Biosciences Institute. EU: We would like to further acknowledge contributions from the EU projects “OPTIMISC” FP7‐289159 on miscanthus and “WATBIO” FP7‐311929 on poplar and miscanthus as well as “GRACE” H2020‐EU.3.2.6. Bio‐based Industries Joint Technology Initiative (BBI‐JTI) Project ID 745012 on miscanthus.",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcbb.12566",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "118--151",
journal = "Global Change Biology. Bioenergy",
issn = "1757-1693",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Breeding progress and preparedness for mass‐scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar

AU - Clifton-Brown, John

AU - Harfouche, Antoine

AU - Casler, Michael D.

AU - Jones, Huw Dylan

AU - Macalpine, William J.

AU - Murphy-Bokern, Donal

AU - Smart, Lawrence B.

AU - Adler, Anneli

AU - Ashman, Chris

AU - Awty-Carroll, Danny

AU - Bastien, Catherine

AU - Bopper, Sebastian

AU - Botnari, Vasile

AU - Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse

AU - Chen, Zhiyong

AU - Clark, Lindsay V.

AU - Cosentino, Salvatore

AU - Dalton, Sue

AU - Davey, Chris

AU - Dolstra, Oene

AU - Donnison, Iain

AU - Flavell, Richard

AU - Greef, Joerg

AU - Hanley, Steve

AU - Hastings, Astley

AU - Hertzberg, Magnus

AU - Hsu, Tsai-Wen

AU - Huang, Lin

AU - Iurato, Antonella

AU - Jensen, Elaine

AU - Jin, Xiaoli

AU - Jørgensen, Uffe

AU - Kiesel, Andreas

AU - Kim, Do-Soon

AU - Liu, Jianxiu

AU - McCalmont, Jon P.

AU - McMahon, Bernard G.

AU - Mos, Michal

AU - Robson, Paul

AU - Sacks, Erik J.

AU - Sandu, Anatolii

AU - Scalici, Giovanni

AU - Schwarz, Kai

AU - Scordia, Danilo

AU - Shafiei, Reza

AU - Shield, Ian

AU - Slavov, Gancho

AU - Stanton, Brian J.

AU - Swaminathan, Kankshita

AU - Taylor, Gail

AU - Torres, Andres F.

AU - Trindade, Luisa M.

AU - Tschaplinski, Timothy

AU - Tuskan, Jerry

AU - Yamada, Toshihiko

AU - Yeon Yu, Chang

AU - -Fs Zalesny, Ron

AU - Zong, Junqin

AU - Lewandowski, Iris

N1 - UK: The UK‐led miscanthus research and breeding was mainly supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the BBSRC CSP strategic funding grant BB/CSP1730/1, Innovate UK/BBSRC “MUST” BB/N016149/1, CERES Inc. and Terravesta Ltd. through the GIANT‐LINK project (LK0863). Genomic selection and genomewide association study activities were supported by BBSRC grant BB/K01711X/1, the BBSRC strategic programme grant on Energy Grasses & Bio‐refining BBS/E/W/10963A01. The UK‐led willow R&D work reported here was supported by BBSRC (BBS/E/C/00005199, BBS/E/C/00005201, BB/G016216/1, BB/E006833/1, BB/G00580X/1 and BBS/E/C/000I0410), Defra (NF0424) and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) (B/W6/00599/00/00). IT: The Brain Gain Program (Rientro dei cervelli) of the Italian Ministry of Education, University, and Research supports Antoine Harfouche. US: Contributions by Gerald Tuskan to this manuscript were supported by the Center for Bioenergy Innovation, a US Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Center supported by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research in the DOE Office of Science, under contract number DE‐AC05‐00OR22725. Willow breeding efforts at Cornell University have been supported by grants from the US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Contributions by the University of Illinois were supported primarily by the DOE Office of Science; Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER); grant nos. DE‐SC0006634, DE‐SC0012379 and DE‐SC0018420 (Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts Innovation); and the Energy Biosciences Institute. EU: We would like to further acknowledge contributions from the EU projects “OPTIMISC” FP7‐289159 on miscanthus and “WATBIO” FP7‐311929 on poplar and miscanthus as well as “GRACE” H2020‐EU.3.2.6. Bio‐based Industries Joint Technology Initiative (BBI‐JTI) Project ID 745012 on miscanthus.

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of 5 germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted deliberate crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed‐based synthetic populations, semi‐hybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breedingcycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass‐scale deployment of PBCs.

AB - Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of 5 germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted deliberate crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed‐based synthetic populations, semi‐hybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breedingcycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass‐scale deployment of PBCs.

KW - bioenergy

KW - feedstocks

KW - lignocellulose

KW - M. sacchariflorus

KW - M. sinensis

KW - Miscanthus

KW - Panicum virgatum

KW - perennial biomass crop

KW - Populus spp

KW - Salix spp

KW - M. sacchariflorus

KW - Salix spp.

KW - M. sinensis

KW - Populus spp.

KW - NATURAL-POPULATIONS

KW - PLANT-REGENERATION

KW - AGROBACTERIUM-MEDIATED TRANSFORMATION

KW - BIOENERGY CROP

KW - AGRONOMIC TRAITS

KW - POPULATION-STRUCTURE

KW - SINENSIS ANDERSS

KW - TARGETED MUTAGENESIS

KW - GENETIC-TRANSFORMATION

KW - GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION

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UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/breeding-progress-preparedness-massscale-deployment-perennial-lignocellulosic-biomass-crops-switchgr

U2 - 10.1111/gcbb.12566

DO - 10.1111/gcbb.12566

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 118

EP - 151

JO - Global Change Biology. Bioenergy

JF - Global Change Biology. Bioenergy

SN - 1757-1693

IS - 1

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