Brief Report

Assessment of Energy Expenditure of a Professional Goalkeeper From the English Premier League Using the Doubly Labeled Water Method

Liam Anderson, Graeme L Close, Ryland Morgans, Catherine Hambly, John Roger Speakman, Barry Drust, James P Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE:: To better understand the energy and carbohydrate (CHO) requirements of a professional goalkeeper (GK) in elite soccer, we quantified physical loading, energy expenditure (EE) and energy intake (EI) during a two game per week in-season micro-cycle.

METHODS:: Daily training and match loads were assessed in a professional GK |(age, 26 years; height, 191 cm; body mass, 86.1 kg) from the English Premier League using global positioning systems (GPS) and ProZone®, respectively. Assessments of EE (using the doubly labelled water method) and EI (using food diaries supported by the remote food photographic method and 24-h recalls) were also completed.

RESULTS:: Physical loading was greater on match days (MD) versus training days (TD) as inferred from total distance (4574 ± 432 vs 1959 ± 500 m), average speed (48 ± 5 v 40 ± 4 m/min) and distance completed when jogging (993 ± 194 v 645 ± 81 m) and running (138 ± 16 v 21 ± 20 m). Average daily energy and macronutrient intake appear reflective of a self-selected "low CHO" diet (Energy: 3160 ± 381 kcal, CHO: 2.6 ± 0.6; Protein: 2.4 ± 0.4; Fat: 1.9 ± 0.3 g.kg-1 body mass). Mean daily EE was 2894 kcal.

CONCLUSIONS:: The average daily EE of this professional GK was approximately 600 kcal.d-1 lower than that previously reported in outfield players from the same team. Such data suggest the nutritional requirements of a GK should be carefully considered depending on the required daily and weekly loading patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-684
Number of pages4
JournalInternational journal of sports physiology and performance
Volume14
Issue number5
Early online date14 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

Fingerprint

Energy Metabolism
Energy Intake
Water
Jogging
Diet Records
Nutritional Requirements
Geographic Information Systems
Soccer
Running
Drinking
Fats
Carbohydrates
Diet
Food
Proteins

Keywords

  • goal keeper
  • carbohydrate
  • energy expenditure
  • soccer
  • training load
  • Nutritional Requirements
  • Sports Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Athletes
  • Energy Intake
  • Soccer/physiology
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Adult
  • SOCCER PLAYERS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Brief Report : Assessment of Energy Expenditure of a Professional Goalkeeper From the English Premier League Using the Doubly Labeled Water Method. / Anderson, Liam; Close, Graeme L; Morgans, Ryland; Hambly, Catherine; Speakman, John Roger; Drust, Barry; Morton, James P.

In: International journal of sports physiology and performance, Vol. 14, No. 5, 05.2019, p. 681-684.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - PURPOSE:: To better understand the energy and carbohydrate (CHO) requirements of a professional goalkeeper (GK) in elite soccer, we quantified physical loading, energy expenditure (EE) and energy intake (EI) during a two game per week in-season micro-cycle.METHODS:: Daily training and match loads were assessed in a professional GK |(age, 26 years; height, 191 cm; body mass, 86.1 kg) from the English Premier League using global positioning systems (GPS) and ProZone®, respectively. Assessments of EE (using the doubly labelled water method) and EI (using food diaries supported by the remote food photographic method and 24-h recalls) were also completed.RESULTS:: Physical loading was greater on match days (MD) versus training days (TD) as inferred from total distance (4574 ± 432 vs 1959 ± 500 m), average speed (48 ± 5 v 40 ± 4 m/min) and distance completed when jogging (993 ± 194 v 645 ± 81 m) and running (138 ± 16 v 21 ± 20 m). Average daily energy and macronutrient intake appear reflective of a self-selected "low CHO" diet (Energy: 3160 ± 381 kcal, CHO: 2.6 ± 0.6; Protein: 2.4 ± 0.4; Fat: 1.9 ± 0.3 g.kg-1 body mass). Mean daily EE was 2894 kcal.CONCLUSIONS:: The average daily EE of this professional GK was approximately 600 kcal.d-1 lower than that previously reported in outfield players from the same team. Such data suggest the nutritional requirements of a GK should be carefully considered depending on the required daily and weekly loading patterns.

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