Budesonide/formoterol maintenance and reliever therapy: an effective asthma treatment option?

C Vogelmeier, A D'Urzo, R Pauwels, J M Merino, M Jaspal, S Boutet, I Naya, D Price

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Abstract

This 12-month dose-titration study assessed the effectiveness of budesonide/formoterol for maintenance plus relief with a control group using salmeterol/fluticasone for maintenance plus salbutamol for relief.

Adolescents and adults (n=2,143; mean forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 73% predicted; mean inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) 884 mu g center dot day(-1)) were randomised to budesonide/formoterol 160/4.5 mu g two inhalations b.i.d. plus additional inhalations as needed, or salmeterol/fluticasone 50/250 mu g b.i.d. plus salbutamol as needed. Treatment was prescribed open label; after 4 weeks, physicians could titrate maintenance doses in accordance with normal clinical practice.

Maintenance plus as-needed budesonide/formoterol prolonged the time to first severe exacerbation versus salmeterol/fluticasone (25% risk reduction). The total number of severe exacerbations was significantly reduced in the budesonide/formoterol group (255 versus 329). Both regimens provided sustained improvements in symptoms, as-needed use, quality of life and FEV1, with differences in favour of the budesonide/formoterol group for as-needed use (0.58 versus 0.93 inhalations-day(-1)) and FEV1 (post-beta(2)-agonist values). Mean ICS dose during treatment was similar in both groups (653 mu g budesonide center dot day(-1) (maintenance plus as-needed) versus 583 mu g fluticasone center dot day(-1)).

The simplified strategy using budesonide/formoterol for maintenance and reliever therapy is feasible, safe and at least as effective as salmeterol/fluticasone plus salbutamol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)819-828
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • asthma
  • budesonide/formoterol
  • salmeterol/fluticasone
  • Seretide (R)/Advair (R)
  • Symbicort (R)
  • OF-LIFE QUESTIONNAIRE
  • SINGLE INHALER
  • FLUTICASONE PROPIONATE
  • BUDESONIDE
  • FORMOTEROL
  • MODERATE
  • SALMETEROL
  • MEDICATION
  • SAFETY
  • BETA(2)-AGONIST

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