Candida albicans is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract, oral cavity, and genital area as a harmless commensal. Based on recent studies in healthy individuals, asymptomatic oral carriage of Candida species is estimated to occur in 24–70% of children and adults, with a reduced frequency in babies less than 1 year of age (Table 5.1). Of isolates identified, the majority are C. albicans (38–76% in adults and children). Again, the frequency of C. albicans differs across different age groups, with a far greater proportion of isolates identified as C. albicans in young babies and in the elderly (Table 5.1). Higher oral carriage rates are found in HIV positive patients (Sanchez-Vargas et al., 2005a; Liu et al., 2006) and diabetics (Belazi et al., 2005).
|Title of host publication||New Insights in Medical Mycology|
|Place of Publication||The Netherlands|
|Number of pages||31|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Sep 2007|
MacCallum, D. M. (2007). Candida Albicans: New Insights in Infection, Disease, and Treatment. In K. Kavanagh (Ed.), New Insights in Medical Mycology (1 ed., pp. 99-129). Springer . https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-6397-8_5