Carbon sequestration under Miscanthus: a study of 13C distribution in soil aggregates

Marta Dondini, Kees-Jan Van Groenigen, Ilaria Del Galdo, Michael Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The growing of bioenergy crops has been widely suggested as a key strategy in mitigating anthropogenic CO2 emissions. However, the full mitigation potential of these crops cannot be assessed without taking into account their effect on soil carbon (C) dynamics. Therefore, we analyzed the C dynamics through four soil depths under a 14-year-old Miscanthus plantation, established on former arable land. An adjacent arable field was used as a reference site. Combining soil organic matter (SOM) fractionation with 13C natural abundance analyses, we were able to trace the fate of Miscanthus-derived C in various physically protected soil fractions. Integrated through the whole soil profile, the total amount of soil organic carbon (SOC) was higher under Miscanthus than under arable crop, this difference was largely due to the input of new C. The C stock of the macroaggregates (M) under Miscanthus was significantly higher than those in the arable land. Additionally, the C content of the micro-within macroaggregates (mM) were higher in the Miscanthus soil as compared with the arable soil. Analysis of the intramicroaggregates particulate organic matter (POM) suggested that the increase C storage in mM under Miscanthus was caused by a decrease in disturbance of M. Thus, the difference in C content between the two land use systems is largely caused by soil C storage in physically protected SOM fractions. We conclude that when Miscanthus is planted on former arable land, the resulting increase in soil C storage contributes considerably to its CO2 mitigation potential.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321–330
Number of pages10
JournalGlobal Change Biology. Bioenergy
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

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Miscanthus
soil aggregate
soil aggregates
carbon sequestration
Soils
macroaggregate
Carbon
arable soils
arable land
soil
crop
soil organic matter
mitigation
Biological materials
Crops
soil separates
bioenergy
particulate organic matter
soil carbon
soil depth

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Carbon sequestration under Miscanthus : a study of 13C distribution in soil aggregates. / Dondini, Marta; Van Groenigen, Kees-Jan; Del Galdo, Ilaria; Jones, Michael.

In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, Vol. 1, No. 5, 10.2009, p. 321–330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dondini, Marta ; Van Groenigen, Kees-Jan ; Del Galdo, Ilaria ; Jones, Michael. / Carbon sequestration under Miscanthus : a study of 13C distribution in soil aggregates. In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy. 2009 ; Vol. 1, No. 5. pp. 321–330.
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