CD4+ T-cell counts and interleukin-8 and CCL-5 plasma concentrations discriminate disease severity in children with RSV infection

Hanne K Brand, Gerben Ferwerda, Frank Preijers, Ronald de Groot, Chris Neeleman, Frank J T Staal, Adilia Warris, Peter W M Hermans

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Current tools to predict the severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection might be improved by including immunological parameters. We hypothesized that a combination of inflammatory markers would differentiate between severe and mild disease in RSV-infected children.

METHODS: Blood and nasopharyngeal samples from 52 RSV-infected children were collected during acute infection and after recovery. Retrospectively, patients were categorized into three groups based on disease severity: mild (no supportive treatment), moderate (supplemental oxygen and/or nasogastric feeding), and severe (mechanical ventilation). Clinical data, number of flow-defined leukocyte subsets, and cytokine concentrations were compared.

RESULTS: Children with severe RSV infection were characterized by young age; lymphocytopenia; increased interleukin (IL)-8, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and IL-6 concentrations; and decreased chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL-5) concentrations in plasma. The combination of plasma levels of IL-8 and CCL-5, and CD4+ T-cell counts, with cutoff values of 67 pg/ml, 13 ng/ml, and 2.3 × 10(6)/ml, respectively, discriminated severe from mild RSV infection with 82% sensitivity and 96% specificity.

CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that the combination of CD4+ T-cell counts and IL-8 and CCL-5 plasma concentrations correlates with disease severity in RSV-infected children. In addition to clinical features, these immunological markers may be used to assess severity of RSV infection and guide clinical management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Research
Volume73
Issue number2
Early online date9 Jan 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

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    Brand, H. K., Ferwerda, G., Preijers, F., de Groot, R., Neeleman, C., Staal, F. J. T., Warris, A., & Hermans, P. W. M. (2013). CD4+ T-cell counts and interleukin-8 and CCL-5 plasma concentrations discriminate disease severity in children with RSV infection. Pediatric Research, 73(2), 187-193. https://doi.org/10.1038/pr.2012.163