Cerium(III, IV) in cement - Implications for actinide (III, IV) immobilisation

C L Dickson, F P Glasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cementitious materials show potential for the immobilisation of radionuclides, including actinides. The mechanism by which such elements interact with the immobilisation matrix is of fundamental importance to an assessment of future performance. Ce(III, IV) were used as actinide (III, IV) simulants to study the reactions of aqueous solutions of cerium with cement components and characterise the likely solubility-limiting phases in cement-actinide systems. Two newly identified phases are reported, namely CeSiO4 and Ca2Ce8(SiO4)(6)O-2 The many examples of naturally occurring minerals with these structure types suggest the potential for long-term immobilisation of actinide (III, IV) elements in cement. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1619-1623
Number of pages5
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume30
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • actinide simulants
  • radioactive waste
  • cement
  • crystal structure
  • TEM
  • SILICATE
  • ELEMENTS
  • APATITE

Cite this

Cerium(III, IV) in cement - Implications for actinide (III, IV) immobilisation. / Dickson, C L ; Glasser, F P .

In: Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 30, 2000, p. 1619-1623.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Cementitious materials show potential for the immobilisation of radionuclides, including actinides. The mechanism by which such elements interact with the immobilisation matrix is of fundamental importance to an assessment of future performance. Ce(III, IV) were used as actinide (III, IV) simulants to study the reactions of aqueous solutions of cerium with cement components and characterise the likely solubility-limiting phases in cement-actinide systems. Two newly identified phases are reported, namely CeSiO4 and Ca2Ce8(SiO4)(6)O-2 The many examples of naturally occurring minerals with these structure types suggest the potential for long-term immobilisation of actinide (III, IV) elements in cement. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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KW - radioactive waste

KW - cement

KW - crystal structure

KW - TEM

KW - SILICATE

KW - ELEMENTS

KW - APATITE

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