Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda

Aime Tsinda , Pamela Abbott, Steve Pedley, Katrina Charles, Jane Adongo, Kenan Okurut, Jonathon Chenoweth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Like most cities in developing countries, Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in these settlements, where they experience inadequate and poor quality urban services including sanitation. This article discusses the issues and constraints related to the provision of sustainable sanitation in the informal settlements in Kigali. Two informal settlements (Gatsata and Kimisagara) were selected for the study, which used a mixed method approach for data collection. The research found that residents experienced multiple problems because of poor sanitation and that the main barrier to improved sanitation was cost. Findings from this study can be used by the city authorities in the planning of effective sanitation intervention strategies for communities in informal settlements.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6939-6954
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2013

Fingerprint

Rwanda
Sanitation
Urbanization
Urban Population
Population Growth
Developing Countries
Costs and Cost Analysis
Research
Population

Keywords

  • challenges
  • issues
  • sustainable sanitation systems
  • informal settlements
  • Kigali

Cite this

Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda. / Tsinda , Aime; Abbott, Pamela; Pedley, Steve ; Charles, Katrina; Adongo, Jane; Okurut, Kenan; Chenoweth, Jonathon .

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 10, No. 12, 10.12.2013, p. 6939-6954.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsinda , Aime ; Abbott, Pamela ; Pedley, Steve ; Charles, Katrina ; Adongo, Jane ; Okurut, Kenan ; Chenoweth, Jonathon . / Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013 ; Vol. 10, No. 12. pp. 6939-6954.
@article{522e8034a8bd460abbd7ae519f608095,
title = "Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda",
abstract = "Like most cities in developing countries, Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60{\%} of the city’s population resides in these settlements, where they experience inadequate and poor quality urban services including sanitation. This article discusses the issues and constraints related to the provision of sustainable sanitation in the informal settlements in Kigali. Two informal settlements (Gatsata and Kimisagara) were selected for the study, which used a mixed method approach for data collection. The research found that residents experienced multiple problems because of poor sanitation and that the main barrier to improved sanitation was cost. Findings from this study can be used by the city authorities in the planning of effective sanitation intervention strategies for communities in informal settlements.",
keywords = "challenges, issues, sustainable sanitation systems, informal settlements, Kigali",
author = "Aime Tsinda and Pamela Abbott and Steve Pedley and Katrina Charles and Jane Adongo and Kenan Okurut and Jonathon Chenoweth",
note = "The data was collected by researchers in Kigali with cooperation of the local community leaders. The authors would like to thank the researchers Roger Mugisha and Carine Tuyishime. This research is part of the 3K-SAN project, funded by SPLASH, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), which is investigating how to catalyse self-sustaining sanitation chains in low-income informal settlements in Kigali (Rwanda), Kampala (Uganda) and Kisumu (Kenya). Self-sustaining sanitation chains are defined here as socio-technological systems that provide continued health and environmental improvement, as required to meet the MDGs, without continued external intervention. This definition includes, but is not limited to, construction, maintenance, and management of the waste through pump-out/collection services, transport, treatment and re-use or disposal.",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "10",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph10126939",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "6939--6954",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1660-4601",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda

AU - Tsinda , Aime

AU - Abbott, Pamela

AU - Pedley, Steve

AU - Charles, Katrina

AU - Adongo, Jane

AU - Okurut, Kenan

AU - Chenoweth, Jonathon

N1 - The data was collected by researchers in Kigali with cooperation of the local community leaders. The authors would like to thank the researchers Roger Mugisha and Carine Tuyishime. This research is part of the 3K-SAN project, funded by SPLASH, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), which is investigating how to catalyse self-sustaining sanitation chains in low-income informal settlements in Kigali (Rwanda), Kampala (Uganda) and Kisumu (Kenya). Self-sustaining sanitation chains are defined here as socio-technological systems that provide continued health and environmental improvement, as required to meet the MDGs, without continued external intervention. This definition includes, but is not limited to, construction, maintenance, and management of the waste through pump-out/collection services, transport, treatment and re-use or disposal.

PY - 2013/12/10

Y1 - 2013/12/10

N2 - Like most cities in developing countries, Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in these settlements, where they experience inadequate and poor quality urban services including sanitation. This article discusses the issues and constraints related to the provision of sustainable sanitation in the informal settlements in Kigali. Two informal settlements (Gatsata and Kimisagara) were selected for the study, which used a mixed method approach for data collection. The research found that residents experienced multiple problems because of poor sanitation and that the main barrier to improved sanitation was cost. Findings from this study can be used by the city authorities in the planning of effective sanitation intervention strategies for communities in informal settlements.

AB - Like most cities in developing countries, Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in these settlements, where they experience inadequate and poor quality urban services including sanitation. This article discusses the issues and constraints related to the provision of sustainable sanitation in the informal settlements in Kigali. Two informal settlements (Gatsata and Kimisagara) were selected for the study, which used a mixed method approach for data collection. The research found that residents experienced multiple problems because of poor sanitation and that the main barrier to improved sanitation was cost. Findings from this study can be used by the city authorities in the planning of effective sanitation intervention strategies for communities in informal settlements.

KW - challenges

KW - issues

KW - sustainable sanitation systems

KW - informal settlements

KW - Kigali

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph10126939

DO - 10.3390/ijerph10126939

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 6939

EP - 6954

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1660-4601

IS - 12

ER -