Change in long-term mortality associated with fractures of the hip: evidence from the Scottish Hip Fracture Audit

A T Johnston, L Barnsdale, R Smith, K Duncan, J D Hutchison

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We investigated the excess mortality risk associated with fractures of the hip. Data related to 29 134 patients who underwent surgery following a fracture of the hip were obtained from the Scottish Hip Fracture Audit database. Fractures due to primary or metastatic malignancy were excluded. An independent database (General Register Office (Scotland)) was used to validate dates of death. The observed deaths per 100 000 of the population were then calculated for each group (gender, age and fracture type) at various time intervals up to eight years. A second database (Interim Life Tables for Scotland, Scottish Government) was then used to create standardised mortality ratios. Analysis showed that mortality in patients aged > 85 years with a fracture of the hip tended to return to the level of the background population between two and five years after the fracture. In those patients aged <85 years excess mortality associated with hip fracture persisted beyond eight years. Extracapsular hip fractures and male gender also conferred increased risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)989-993
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British volume
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010



  • age distribution
  • aged
  • aged, 80 and over
  • evidence-based medicine
  • female
  • hip fractures
  • humans
  • male
  • medical audit
  • middle aged
  • postoperative period
  • Scotland
  • sex distribution
  • survival analysis

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