Change in winter climate will affect dissolved organic carbon and water fluxes in mid-to-high latitude catchments

Hjalmar Laudon*, Doerthe Tetzlaff, Chris Soulsby, Sean Carey, Jan Seibert, Jim Buttle, Jamie Shanley, Jeffrey J. McDonnell, Kevin McGuire

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a growing awareness that mid-to-high latitude regions will be strongly affected by climate change. These changes are predicted to be especially pronounced during winter, particularly at higher latitudes. To test how water quality in northern catchments could be affected by warmer winter climates, we assembled long-term data from eight well-studied catchments in Sweden, Scotland, Canada and the USA across a climatic gradient spanning from 2 to +9 degrees C in mean annual temperature and between 11.6 and +6.1 degrees C in average winter temperature. We used the climatic gradient combined with inter-annual variability among catchments to examine how warmer winters could affect the seasonality (seasonal timing) and synchroneity (coupling) of water and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) fluxes. In general, sites with colder winters (less than 5 degrees C) experienced an export concentrated in spring, whereas sites with warmer winters (>0 degrees C) displayed a more evenly distributed export across all seasons. Catchments with warmer winters also displayed less synchroneity between water and DOC flux during winter compared with colder sites, whereas the opposite was found for the spring. Patterns from the climatic gradient were supported by inter-annual variability at individual sites where both seasonality and synchroneity in the spring were related to the temperature during the preceding winter. Our findings suggest that one likely consequence of warmer winters in northern regions is that the proportion of the annual DOC and water export will increase during winter and decrease during spring and summer. This is of importance as it is the latter seasons during which downstream utilization of both water and DOC often is largest. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)700-709
Number of pages10
JournalHydrological Processes
Volume27
Issue number5
Early online date24 Jan 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2013

Keywords

  • runoff
  • riparian
  • high latitude catchments
  • DOC
  • frozen soil
  • long-term trends
  • export
  • rivers
  • snowmelt
  • boreal streams
  • chemistry
  • seasonality
  • Sub-Arctic catchment
  • synchroneity

Cite this

Change in winter climate will affect dissolved organic carbon and water fluxes in mid-to-high latitude catchments. / Laudon, Hjalmar; Tetzlaff, Doerthe; Soulsby, Chris; Carey, Sean; Seibert, Jan; Buttle, Jim; Shanley, Jamie; McDonnell, Jeffrey J.; McGuire, Kevin.

In: Hydrological Processes, Vol. 27, No. 5, 28.02.2013, p. 700-709.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laudon, H, Tetzlaff, D, Soulsby, C, Carey, S, Seibert, J, Buttle, J, Shanley, J, McDonnell, JJ & McGuire, K 2013, 'Change in winter climate will affect dissolved organic carbon and water fluxes in mid-to-high latitude catchments', Hydrological Processes, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 700-709. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9686
Laudon, Hjalmar ; Tetzlaff, Doerthe ; Soulsby, Chris ; Carey, Sean ; Seibert, Jan ; Buttle, Jim ; Shanley, Jamie ; McDonnell, Jeffrey J. ; McGuire, Kevin. / Change in winter climate will affect dissolved organic carbon and water fluxes in mid-to-high latitude catchments. In: Hydrological Processes. 2013 ; Vol. 27, No. 5. pp. 700-709.
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T1 - Change in winter climate will affect dissolved organic carbon and water fluxes in mid-to-high latitude catchments

AU - Laudon, Hjalmar

AU - Tetzlaff, Doerthe

AU - Soulsby, Chris

AU - Carey, Sean

AU - Seibert, Jan

AU - Buttle, Jim

AU - Shanley, Jamie

AU - McDonnell, Jeffrey J.

AU - McGuire, Kevin

PY - 2013/2/28

Y1 - 2013/2/28

N2 - There is a growing awareness that mid-to-high latitude regions will be strongly affected by climate change. These changes are predicted to be especially pronounced during winter, particularly at higher latitudes. To test how water quality in northern catchments could be affected by warmer winter climates, we assembled long-term data from eight well-studied catchments in Sweden, Scotland, Canada and the USA across a climatic gradient spanning from 2 to +9 degrees C in mean annual temperature and between 11.6 and +6.1 degrees C in average winter temperature. We used the climatic gradient combined with inter-annual variability among catchments to examine how warmer winters could affect the seasonality (seasonal timing) and synchroneity (coupling) of water and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) fluxes. In general, sites with colder winters (less than 5 degrees C) experienced an export concentrated in spring, whereas sites with warmer winters (>0 degrees C) displayed a more evenly distributed export across all seasons. Catchments with warmer winters also displayed less synchroneity between water and DOC flux during winter compared with colder sites, whereas the opposite was found for the spring. Patterns from the climatic gradient were supported by inter-annual variability at individual sites where both seasonality and synchroneity in the spring were related to the temperature during the preceding winter. Our findings suggest that one likely consequence of warmer winters in northern regions is that the proportion of the annual DOC and water export will increase during winter and decrease during spring and summer. This is of importance as it is the latter seasons during which downstream utilization of both water and DOC often is largest. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

AB - There is a growing awareness that mid-to-high latitude regions will be strongly affected by climate change. These changes are predicted to be especially pronounced during winter, particularly at higher latitudes. To test how water quality in northern catchments could be affected by warmer winter climates, we assembled long-term data from eight well-studied catchments in Sweden, Scotland, Canada and the USA across a climatic gradient spanning from 2 to +9 degrees C in mean annual temperature and between 11.6 and +6.1 degrees C in average winter temperature. We used the climatic gradient combined with inter-annual variability among catchments to examine how warmer winters could affect the seasonality (seasonal timing) and synchroneity (coupling) of water and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) fluxes. In general, sites with colder winters (less than 5 degrees C) experienced an export concentrated in spring, whereas sites with warmer winters (>0 degrees C) displayed a more evenly distributed export across all seasons. Catchments with warmer winters also displayed less synchroneity between water and DOC flux during winter compared with colder sites, whereas the opposite was found for the spring. Patterns from the climatic gradient were supported by inter-annual variability at individual sites where both seasonality and synchroneity in the spring were related to the temperature during the preceding winter. Our findings suggest that one likely consequence of warmer winters in northern regions is that the proportion of the annual DOC and water export will increase during winter and decrease during spring and summer. This is of importance as it is the latter seasons during which downstream utilization of both water and DOC often is largest. Copyright (c) 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KW - runoff

KW - riparian

KW - high latitude catchments

KW - DOC

KW - frozen soil

KW - long-term trends

KW - export

KW - rivers

KW - snowmelt

KW - boreal streams

KW - chemistry

KW - seasonality

KW - Sub-Arctic catchment

KW - synchroneity

U2 - 10.1002/hyp.9686

DO - 10.1002/hyp.9686

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 700

EP - 709

JO - Hydrological Processes

JF - Hydrological Processes

SN - 0885-6087

IS - 5

ER -