Characterisation and protein expression profiling of annexins in colorectal cancer

R Duncan, B Carpenter, L C Main, C Telfer, G I Murray

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179 Citations (Scopus)


The annexins are family of calcium-regulated phospholipid-binding proteins with diverse roles in cell biology. Individual annexins have been implicated in tumour development and progression, and in this investigation a range of annexins have been studied in colorectal cancer. Annexins A1, A2, A4 and A11 were identified by comparative proteomic analysis to be overexpressed in colorectal cancer. Annexins A1, A2, A4 and A11 were further studied by immunohistochemistry with a colorectal cancer tissue microarray containing primary and metastatic colorectal cancer and also normal colon. There was significant increase in expression in annexins A1 (P = 0.01), A2 (P<0.001), A4 (P<0.001) and A11 (P<0.001) in primary tumours compared with normal colon. There was increasing expression of annexins A2 (P = 0.001), A4 (P = 0.03) and A11 (P = 0.006) with increasing tumour stage. An annexin expression profile was identified by k-means cluster analysis, and the annexin profile was associated with tumour stage (P 0.01) and also patient survival. Patients in annexin cluster group 1 (low annexin expression) had a better survival (log rank = 5.33, P = 0.02) than patients in cluster group 2 (high annexins A4 and A11 expression). In conclusion, this study has shown that individual annexins are present in colorectal cancer, specific annexins are overexpressed in colorectal cancer and the annexin expression profile is associated with survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-433
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Issue number2
Early online date11 Dec 2007
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2008


  • annexin
  • immunohistochemistry
  • proteomics
  • prognosis
  • tissue microarray
  • renal-cell carcinoma
  • breast-cancer
  • prostate-cancer
  • Fuhrman grade
  • I expression
  • progression
  • A1
  • esophageal
  • membrane
  • adenocarcinomas


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