Characterization of BAFF and APRIL subfamily receptors in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Potential role of the BAFF/APRIL axis in the pathogenesis of proliferative kidney disease

Aitor G. Granja, Jason W. Holland, Jaime Pignatelli, Christopher J. Secombes, Carolina Tafalla*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Proliferative kidney disease (PKD) is a parasitic infection of salmonid fish characterized by hyper-secretion of immunoglobulins in response to the presence of the myxozoan parasite, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae. In this context, we hypothesized that the BAFF/APRIL axis, known to play a major role in B cell differentiation and survival in mammals, could be affected by the parasite and consequently be involved in the apparent shift in normal B cell activity. To regulate B cell activity, BAFF and APRIL bind to transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) and B cell maturation antigen (BCMA), whereas BAFF also binds to BAFF receptor (BAFF-R). In teleost fish, although some BAFF and APRIL sequences have been reported, their receptors have not been identified. Thus, as a first step in the current work, we have identified homologues to mammalian TACI, BCMA and BAFF-R in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), that constitute the first report of BAFF and APRIL receptor sequences in fish. Subsequently we studied the transcriptional modulation of BAFF, APRIL, and the fish-specific related cytokine, BALM and their putative receptors in fish naturally exposed to T. bryosalmonae. Finally, to gain further insights on the functional role that these cytokines play during the course of PKD, we have studied their effect on the survival of kidney IgM+ B cells and on immunoglobulin transcription. Our results support the premise that the BAFF / APRIL axis could play an important role during PKD, which may open the possibility of new therapeutic treatments against the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0174249
Number of pages24
JournalPloS ONE
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2017

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Keywords

  • B-LYMPHOCYTE STIMULATOR
  • CELL ACTIVATING FACTOR
  • TNF RECEPTOR
  • ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS
  • MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE
  • FUNCTIONAL-ANALYSIS
  • EXPRESSION ANALYSIS
  • CARTILAGINOUS FISH
  • IMMUNE-RESPONSE
  • SALMO-GAIRDNERI

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