Purpose: Transposition of intestinal segments into the urinary tract predisposes to urinary tract infections. We characterized bacterial infections in these patients and examined the virulence genotype and persistence of Escherichia coli isolates.
Materials and Methods: We followed 26 patients who underwent bladder reconstructive surgery using transposed intestinal segments. E. coli strains isolated from the urine of these patients were genotyped for established virulence determinants and the frequency of carriage was compared with E. coli strains isolated from community acquired urinary infections and the fecal flora of anonymous volunteers. A longitudinal study of E. coli strains in 9 patients was also done using pulsed field gel electrophoresis.
Results: E. coli was the most frequently isolated organism, responsible for 59% (62 of 105) of monobacterial infections. Other bacteria isolated included Klebsiella species, Proteus species and Enterococcus faecalis. Community acquired E. coli strains were more likely to carry multiple determinants for particular adhesins (P and S fimbriae) and toxins (a-hemolysin and cytotoxic necrotizing factor) than fecal strains. Carriage frequency for bladder reconstruction strains was intermediary and not significantly different. The key finding was that E. coli strains persisted for prolonged periods, including 2 years in certain patients, often despite various antimicrobial treatments.
Conclusions: This study highlights that farther steps must be taken to prevent and treat urinary tract infections in this susceptible group. Particular attention should be given to the treatment of persistent infections.
- urinary tract infections
- Escherichia coli
- urinary diversion
- bladder augmentation
- bacterial adherence