Characterization of micro-pore structure in novel cement matrices

Seyoon Yoon, Isabel Galan, Kemal Celik, Fredrik P. Glasser, Mohammed S. Imbabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cements are being developed using a novel processing method having as its objective lowering specific CO2 emissions by ∼50% relative to a Portland cement benchmark. We need to be able to measure the properties of the products. Porosity and permeability measurements help define the engineering properties but their quantification is influenced by the choice of experimental protocols. In the present study we used ordinary Portland cement (PC) paste as a benchmark and hydrated ye'elimite, which is a main component of CSA cements, to understand its pore structure. We report on the use of synchrotron-sourced radiation for μCT (Computerized Tomography) and 3D image re-construction of the internal micro-pore structure of PC and ye'elimite-gypsum pastes. As a comparison, porosity and permeability measurements were traditionally obtained using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). The Mori-Tanaka method and the polynomial statistical model were used to analyze the effects of different 3-D micro-pore structures on mechanical properties. The results show that e micro-pore structures differ considerably between PC and ye'elimite pastes and their bulk modulus is significantly affected by the shapes of their micro-pore structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number908
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume1712
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Fingerprint

cements
Pore structure
Portland cement
Cements
Permethrin
porosity
Ointments
matrices
Calcium
Porosity
Calcium Sulfate
calcium
permeability
Computerized tomography
Gypsum
Synchrotron radiation
Image reconstruction
Mercury
gypsum
Elastic moduli

Keywords

  • ceramic
  • porosimetry
  • x-ray tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Characterization of micro-pore structure in novel cement matrices. / Yoon, Seyoon; Galan, Isabel; Celik, Kemal; Glasser, Fredrik P.; Imbabi, Mohammed S.

In: Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol. 1712, 908, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yoon, Seyoon ; Galan, Isabel ; Celik, Kemal ; Glasser, Fredrik P. ; Imbabi, Mohammed S. / Characterization of micro-pore structure in novel cement matrices. In: Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. 2014 ; Vol. 1712.
@article{acb0b15e6d2e4a8295147ced7812857f,
title = "Characterization of micro-pore structure in novel cement matrices",
abstract = "Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cements are being developed using a novel processing method having as its objective lowering specific CO2 emissions by ∼50{\%} relative to a Portland cement benchmark. We need to be able to measure the properties of the products. Porosity and permeability measurements help define the engineering properties but their quantification is influenced by the choice of experimental protocols. In the present study we used ordinary Portland cement (PC) paste as a benchmark and hydrated ye'elimite, which is a main component of CSA cements, to understand its pore structure. We report on the use of synchrotron-sourced radiation for μCT (Computerized Tomography) and 3D image re-construction of the internal micro-pore structure of PC and ye'elimite-gypsum pastes. As a comparison, porosity and permeability measurements were traditionally obtained using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). The Mori-Tanaka method and the polynomial statistical model were used to analyze the effects of different 3-D micro-pore structures on mechanical properties. The results show that e micro-pore structures differ considerably between PC and ye'elimite pastes and their bulk modulus is significantly affected by the shapes of their micro-pore structures.",
keywords = "ceramic, porosimetry, x-ray tomography",
author = "Seyoon Yoon and Isabel Galan and Kemal Celik and Glasser, {Fredrik P.} and Imbabi, {Mohammed S.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1557/opl.2014.908",
language = "English",
volume = "1712",
journal = "Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings",
issn = "0272-9172",
publisher = "Materials Research Society",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of micro-pore structure in novel cement matrices

AU - Yoon, Seyoon

AU - Galan, Isabel

AU - Celik, Kemal

AU - Glasser, Fredrik P.

AU - Imbabi, Mohammed S.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cements are being developed using a novel processing method having as its objective lowering specific CO2 emissions by ∼50% relative to a Portland cement benchmark. We need to be able to measure the properties of the products. Porosity and permeability measurements help define the engineering properties but their quantification is influenced by the choice of experimental protocols. In the present study we used ordinary Portland cement (PC) paste as a benchmark and hydrated ye'elimite, which is a main component of CSA cements, to understand its pore structure. We report on the use of synchrotron-sourced radiation for μCT (Computerized Tomography) and 3D image re-construction of the internal micro-pore structure of PC and ye'elimite-gypsum pastes. As a comparison, porosity and permeability measurements were traditionally obtained using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). The Mori-Tanaka method and the polynomial statistical model were used to analyze the effects of different 3-D micro-pore structures on mechanical properties. The results show that e micro-pore structures differ considerably between PC and ye'elimite pastes and their bulk modulus is significantly affected by the shapes of their micro-pore structures.

AB - Calcium sulfoaluminate (CSA) cements are being developed using a novel processing method having as its objective lowering specific CO2 emissions by ∼50% relative to a Portland cement benchmark. We need to be able to measure the properties of the products. Porosity and permeability measurements help define the engineering properties but their quantification is influenced by the choice of experimental protocols. In the present study we used ordinary Portland cement (PC) paste as a benchmark and hydrated ye'elimite, which is a main component of CSA cements, to understand its pore structure. We report on the use of synchrotron-sourced radiation for μCT (Computerized Tomography) and 3D image re-construction of the internal micro-pore structure of PC and ye'elimite-gypsum pastes. As a comparison, porosity and permeability measurements were traditionally obtained using Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). The Mori-Tanaka method and the polynomial statistical model were used to analyze the effects of different 3-D micro-pore structures on mechanical properties. The results show that e micro-pore structures differ considerably between PC and ye'elimite pastes and their bulk modulus is significantly affected by the shapes of their micro-pore structures.

KW - ceramic

KW - porosimetry

KW - x-ray tomography

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924411578&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1557/opl.2014.908

DO - 10.1557/opl.2014.908

M3 - Article

VL - 1712

JO - Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings

JF - Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings

SN - 0272-9172

M1 - 908

ER -