Charge Compensation Mechanisms in La-Doped BaTiO3

F. D. Morrison, Alison Margaret Coats, D. C. Sinclair, A. R. West

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    133 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The mechanism of doping BaTiO3 with La has been investigated by a combination of X-ray diffraction, electron probe microanalysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and impedance measurements. Phase diagram results confirm that the principal doping mechanism involves ionic compensation through the creation of titanium vacancies. All samples heated in oxygen at 1350-1400 degreesC are electrical insulators, consistent with an ionic compensation mechanism. Samples heated in air or atmospheres of low oxygen partial pressure, at similar temperatures, lose a small amount of oxygen and this gives rise to a second, electronic compensation mechanism in addition to the main, ionic compensation mechanism; as a result, samples are dark-coloured and semiconducting. The change from insulating to semiconducting behaviour is reversible, by changing the atmosphere on heating at 1350-1400 degreesC. We find no evidence for any changes in cationic composition of the BaTiO3 solid solutions arising from changes in oxygen content.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)219-232
    Number of pages13
    JournalJOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS
    Volume6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Keywords

    • doping mechanisms
    • defects
    • phase equilibria
    • conductivity
    • impedance spectroscopy
    • BARIUM-TITANATE CERAMICS
    • POSITIVE TEMPERATURE-COEFFICIENT
    • CHEMICAL DIFFUSIVITY
    • DEFECT CHEMISTRY
    • OXYGEN DIFFUSION
    • CONDUCTIVITY
    • SPECTROSCOPY
    • IMPEDANCE
    • SRTIO3

    Cite this

    Morrison, F. D., Coats, A. M., Sinclair, D. C., & West, A. R. (2001). Charge Compensation Mechanisms in La-Doped BaTiO3. JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS, 6, 219-232. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011400630449

    Charge Compensation Mechanisms in La-Doped BaTiO3. / Morrison, F. D.; Coats, Alison Margaret; Sinclair, D. C.; West, A. R.

    In: JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS, Vol. 6, 2001, p. 219-232.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Morrison, FD, Coats, AM, Sinclair, DC & West, AR 2001, 'Charge Compensation Mechanisms in La-Doped BaTiO3', JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS, vol. 6, pp. 219-232. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011400630449
    Morrison, F. D. ; Coats, Alison Margaret ; Sinclair, D. C. ; West, A. R. / Charge Compensation Mechanisms in La-Doped BaTiO3. In: JOURNAL OF ELECTROCERAMICS. 2001 ; Vol. 6. pp. 219-232.
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    title = "Charge Compensation Mechanisms in La-Doped BaTiO3",
    abstract = "The mechanism of doping BaTiO3 with La has been investigated by a combination of X-ray diffraction, electron probe microanalysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and impedance measurements. Phase diagram results confirm that the principal doping mechanism involves ionic compensation through the creation of titanium vacancies. All samples heated in oxygen at 1350-1400 degreesC are electrical insulators, consistent with an ionic compensation mechanism. Samples heated in air or atmospheres of low oxygen partial pressure, at similar temperatures, lose a small amount of oxygen and this gives rise to a second, electronic compensation mechanism in addition to the main, ionic compensation mechanism; as a result, samples are dark-coloured and semiconducting. The change from insulating to semiconducting behaviour is reversible, by changing the atmosphere on heating at 1350-1400 degreesC. We find no evidence for any changes in cationic composition of the BaTiO3 solid solutions arising from changes in oxygen content.",
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    AU - Morrison, F. D.

    AU - Coats, Alison Margaret

    AU - Sinclair, D. C.

    AU - West, A. R.

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    N2 - The mechanism of doping BaTiO3 with La has been investigated by a combination of X-ray diffraction, electron probe microanalysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and impedance measurements. Phase diagram results confirm that the principal doping mechanism involves ionic compensation through the creation of titanium vacancies. All samples heated in oxygen at 1350-1400 degreesC are electrical insulators, consistent with an ionic compensation mechanism. Samples heated in air or atmospheres of low oxygen partial pressure, at similar temperatures, lose a small amount of oxygen and this gives rise to a second, electronic compensation mechanism in addition to the main, ionic compensation mechanism; as a result, samples are dark-coloured and semiconducting. The change from insulating to semiconducting behaviour is reversible, by changing the atmosphere on heating at 1350-1400 degreesC. We find no evidence for any changes in cationic composition of the BaTiO3 solid solutions arising from changes in oxygen content.

    AB - The mechanism of doping BaTiO3 with La has been investigated by a combination of X-ray diffraction, electron probe microanalysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and impedance measurements. Phase diagram results confirm that the principal doping mechanism involves ionic compensation through the creation of titanium vacancies. All samples heated in oxygen at 1350-1400 degreesC are electrical insulators, consistent with an ionic compensation mechanism. Samples heated in air or atmospheres of low oxygen partial pressure, at similar temperatures, lose a small amount of oxygen and this gives rise to a second, electronic compensation mechanism in addition to the main, ionic compensation mechanism; as a result, samples are dark-coloured and semiconducting. The change from insulating to semiconducting behaviour is reversible, by changing the atmosphere on heating at 1350-1400 degreesC. We find no evidence for any changes in cationic composition of the BaTiO3 solid solutions arising from changes in oxygen content.

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    KW - phase equilibria

    KW - conductivity

    KW - impedance spectroscopy

    KW - BARIUM-TITANATE CERAMICS

    KW - POSITIVE TEMPERATURE-COEFFICIENT

    KW - CHEMICAL DIFFUSIVITY

    KW - DEFECT CHEMISTRY

    KW - OXYGEN DIFFUSION

    KW - CONDUCTIVITY

    KW - SPECTROSCOPY

    KW - IMPEDANCE

    KW - SRTIO3

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