Chimera-like states in a neuronal network model of the cat brain

M. S. Santos, J. D. Szezech Jr, F. S. Borges, K. C. Iarosz, I. L. Caldas, A. M. Batista, R. L. Viana, J. Kurths

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Abstract

Neuronal systems have been modelled by complex networks in different description levels. Recently, it has been verified that the networks can simultaneously exhibit one coherent and other incoherent domain, known as chimera states. In this work, we study the existence of chimera-like states in a network considering the connectivity matrix based on the cat cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex of the cat can be separated in 65 cortical areas organised into the four cognitive regions: visual, auditory, somatosensory-motor and frontolimbic. We consider a network where the local dynamics is given by the Hindmarsh–Rose model. The Hindmarsh–Rose equations are a well known model of the neuronal activity that has been considered to simulate the membrane potential in neuron. Here, we analyse under which conditions chimera-like states are present, as well as the effects induced by intensity of coupling on them. We identify two different kinds of chimera-like states: spiking chimera-like state with desynchronised spikes, and bursting chimera-like state with desynchronised bursts. Moreover, we find that chimera-like states with desynchronised bursts are more robust to neuronal noise than with desynchronised spikes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
JournalChaos, Solitons & Fractals
Volume101
Early online date27 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

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Keywords

  • chimera-like states
  • neuronal network
  • noise

Cite this

Santos, M. S., Jr, J. D. S., Borges, F. S., Iarosz, K. C., Caldas, I. L., Batista, A. M., ... Kurths, J. (2017). Chimera-like states in a neuronal network model of the cat brain. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 101, 86-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chaos.2017.05.028