Climatic oscillations stall vegetation recovery from K/Pg event devastation

D. W. Jolley, R. Daly, I. Gilmour, S. P. Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract
Sedimentary rocks filling the Boltysh meteorite crater preserve an expanded record of post K/Pg event vegetation destruction and subsequent floral recolonisation. A post-destruction barren zone is succeeded by a fern spore spike recording the initial recovery vegetation. The Boltysh fern spore spike is divisible into two phases. Phase 1 is characterised by low abundances of fern spores, while the overlying Phase 2 has high fern spore abundances and contains common palm pollen. Comparison of the Boltysh Phase 2 fern spore spike to other palynological records show strong similarities with the immediately post K/Pg boundary record of the Western Interior, North America. Variation in the composition of the Boltysh palynofloras has been used to define four moisture availability cycles between the K/Pg boundary and Dan-C2, a period of some 300 ky. Early post K/Pg event vegetation community recovery followed a common seral successional pathway at rates seen in Large Igneous Provinces, although enhanced by high moisture availability. Continued succession to the first true swamp community was at a considerably slower tempo. The post K/Pg event vegetation recovery was therefore retarded by lack of moisture availability, extending the apparent period of recovery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-482
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume170
Issue number3
Early online date22 Apr 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

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