Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention

Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care

Stephan U Dombrowski, Maria E Prior, Eilidh Duncan, Brian H Cuthbertson, Geoff Bellingan, Marion K Campbell, Louise Rose, Alexander R Binning, Anthony C Gordon, Peter Wilson, Rob Shulman, Jill J Francis, the SuDDICU UK Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify and describe the clinical and behavioural components (e.g. the what, how, when, where and by whom) of 'selective decontamination of the digestive tract' (SDD) as routinely implemented in the care of critically ill patients. METHODS: Multi-methods study, consisting of semi-structured observations of SDD delivery, interviews with clinicians and documentary analysis, conducted in two ICUs in the UK that routinely deliver SDD. Data were analysed within-site to describe clinical and behavioural SDD components and synthesised across-sites to describe SDD in context. RESULTS: SDD delivery involved multiple behaviours extending beyond administration of its clinical components. Not all behaviours were specified in relevant clinical documentation. Overall, SDD implementation and delivery included: adoption (i.e. whether to implement SDD), operationalisation (i.e. implementing SDD into practice), provision (i.e. delivery of SDD) and surveillance (i.e. monitoring the ecological effects). Implementation involved organisational, team and individual-level behaviours. Delivery was perceived as easy by individual staff, but displayed features of complexity (including multiple interrelated behaviours, staff and contexts). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to formally outline the full spectrum of clinical and behavioural aspects of SDD. It identified points in the delivery process where complex behaviours occur and outlined how SDD can be interpreted and applied variably in practice. This comprehensive specification allows greater understanding of how this intervention could be implemented in units not currently using it, or replicated in research studies. It also identified strategies required to adopt SDD and to standardise its implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-179
Number of pages7
JournalAustralian Critical Care
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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Decontamination
Critical Care
Gastrointestinal Tract
Delivery of Health Care
Critical Illness
Documentation

Keywords

  • behaviour
  • infection control
  • critical care
  • antibiotics

Cite this

Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention : Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care. / Dombrowski, Stephan U; Prior, Maria E; Duncan, Eilidh; Cuthbertson, Brian H; Bellingan, Geoff; Campbell, Marion K; Rose, Louise; Binning, Alexander R; Gordon, Anthony C; Wilson, Peter; Shulman, Rob; Francis, Jill J; the SuDDICU UK Study Group.

In: Australian Critical Care, Vol. 26, No. 4, 11.2013, p. 173-179.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dombrowski, SU, Prior, ME, Duncan, E, Cuthbertson, BH, Bellingan, G, Campbell, MK, Rose, L, Binning, AR, Gordon, AC, Wilson, P, Shulman, R, Francis, JJ & the SuDDICU UK Study Group 2013, 'Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention: Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care', Australian Critical Care, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 173-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aucc.2013.04.002
Dombrowski, Stephan U ; Prior, Maria E ; Duncan, Eilidh ; Cuthbertson, Brian H ; Bellingan, Geoff ; Campbell, Marion K ; Rose, Louise ; Binning, Alexander R ; Gordon, Anthony C ; Wilson, Peter ; Shulman, Rob ; Francis, Jill J ; the SuDDICU UK Study Group. / Clinical components and associated behavioural aspects of a complex healthcare intervention : Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care. In: Australian Critical Care. 2013 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 173-179.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify and describe the clinical and behavioural components (e.g. the what, how, when, where and by whom) of 'selective decontamination of the digestive tract' (SDD) as routinely implemented in the care of critically ill patients. METHODS: Multi-methods study, consisting of semi-structured observations of SDD delivery, interviews with clinicians and documentary analysis, conducted in two ICUs in the UK that routinely deliver SDD. Data were analysed within-site to describe clinical and behavioural SDD components and synthesised across-sites to describe SDD in context. RESULTS: SDD delivery involved multiple behaviours extending beyond administration of its clinical components. Not all behaviours were specified in relevant clinical documentation. Overall, SDD implementation and delivery included: adoption (i.e. whether to implement SDD), operationalisation (i.e. implementing SDD into practice), provision (i.e. delivery of SDD) and surveillance (i.e. monitoring the ecological effects). Implementation involved organisational, team and individual-level behaviours. Delivery was perceived as easy by individual staff, but displayed features of complexity (including multiple interrelated behaviours, staff and contexts). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to formally outline the full spectrum of clinical and behavioural aspects of SDD. It identified points in the delivery process where complex behaviours occur and outlined how SDD can be interpreted and applied variably in practice. This comprehensive specification allows greater understanding of how this intervention could be implemented in units not currently using it, or replicated in research studies. It also identified strategies required to adopt SDD and to standardise its implementation.",
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T2 - Multi-methods study of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critical care

AU - Dombrowski, Stephan U

AU - Prior, Maria E

AU - Duncan, Eilidh

AU - Cuthbertson, Brian H

AU - Bellingan, Geoff

AU - Campbell, Marion K

AU - Rose, Louise

AU - Binning, Alexander R

AU - Gordon, Anthony C

AU - Wilson, Peter

AU - Shulman, Rob

AU - Francis, Jill J

AU - the SuDDICU UK Study Group

N1 - Copyright © 2013 Australian College of Critical Care Nurses Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify and describe the clinical and behavioural components (e.g. the what, how, when, where and by whom) of 'selective decontamination of the digestive tract' (SDD) as routinely implemented in the care of critically ill patients. METHODS: Multi-methods study, consisting of semi-structured observations of SDD delivery, interviews with clinicians and documentary analysis, conducted in two ICUs in the UK that routinely deliver SDD. Data were analysed within-site to describe clinical and behavioural SDD components and synthesised across-sites to describe SDD in context. RESULTS: SDD delivery involved multiple behaviours extending beyond administration of its clinical components. Not all behaviours were specified in relevant clinical documentation. Overall, SDD implementation and delivery included: adoption (i.e. whether to implement SDD), operationalisation (i.e. implementing SDD into practice), provision (i.e. delivery of SDD) and surveillance (i.e. monitoring the ecological effects). Implementation involved organisational, team and individual-level behaviours. Delivery was perceived as easy by individual staff, but displayed features of complexity (including multiple interrelated behaviours, staff and contexts). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to formally outline the full spectrum of clinical and behavioural aspects of SDD. It identified points in the delivery process where complex behaviours occur and outlined how SDD can be interpreted and applied variably in practice. This comprehensive specification allows greater understanding of how this intervention could be implemented in units not currently using it, or replicated in research studies. It also identified strategies required to adopt SDD and to standardise its implementation.

AB - BACKGROUND: This study sought to identify and describe the clinical and behavioural components (e.g. the what, how, when, where and by whom) of 'selective decontamination of the digestive tract' (SDD) as routinely implemented in the care of critically ill patients. METHODS: Multi-methods study, consisting of semi-structured observations of SDD delivery, interviews with clinicians and documentary analysis, conducted in two ICUs in the UK that routinely deliver SDD. Data were analysed within-site to describe clinical and behavioural SDD components and synthesised across-sites to describe SDD in context. RESULTS: SDD delivery involved multiple behaviours extending beyond administration of its clinical components. Not all behaviours were specified in relevant clinical documentation. Overall, SDD implementation and delivery included: adoption (i.e. whether to implement SDD), operationalisation (i.e. implementing SDD into practice), provision (i.e. delivery of SDD) and surveillance (i.e. monitoring the ecological effects). Implementation involved organisational, team and individual-level behaviours. Delivery was perceived as easy by individual staff, but displayed features of complexity (including multiple interrelated behaviours, staff and contexts). CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to formally outline the full spectrum of clinical and behavioural aspects of SDD. It identified points in the delivery process where complex behaviours occur and outlined how SDD can be interpreted and applied variably in practice. This comprehensive specification allows greater understanding of how this intervention could be implemented in units not currently using it, or replicated in research studies. It also identified strategies required to adopt SDD and to standardise its implementation.

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KW - infection control

KW - critical care

KW - antibiotics

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VL - 26

SP - 173

EP - 179

JO - Australian Critical Care

JF - Australian Critical Care

SN - 1036-7314

IS - 4

ER -