Cloning, sequencing, and analysis of expression of a second IL-1 beta gene in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

O Pleguezuelos, J Zou, C Cunningham, C J Secombes

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The full-length sequence of a second IL-1 beta gene (IL-1 beta 2) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) has been obtained. As with the first IL-1 beta gene, IL-1 beta 2 is organized into six exons/five introns. There are only small differences in their intron/exon sizes, with the exception of intron 3, which is 334 bp smaller in IL-1 beta 2. The transcript encoded by the IL-1 beta 2 gene contains a 5' untranslated region (UTR) of 121 bp, followed by a 762-bp open reading frame and a 518-bp 3'UTR. The 3'UTR contains seven instability attta motifs, typical of inflammatory genes, and a polyadenylation site II bp upstream of a 17-bp poly(A) tail. The predicted 254 amino acid sequence of the second IL-1 beta gene has 82% similarity to the first gene, 45% similarity to carp IL-1 beta, and 40% similarity to human IL-1 beta. Comparison of the two trout genes reveals that the IL-1 beta 2 gene has a deletion of 9 bases in exon 3 and an altered splicing site at the 5' end of exon 4 giving rise to a further 9-bp deletion in the resulting cDNA. As with other nonmammalian IL-1 beta genes, no interleukin-converting enzyme (ICE) cut site has been found but the alignment of the amino acid sequence with Other species shows a possible cut site between Arg(89) and Ala(90) that would give arise to a 165-amino acid mature peptide. Expression studies performed by RT-PCR using primers specific for the IL-1 beta 2 transcript revealed a clear dose-dependent induction of this gene in cultured trout leukocytes by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1002-1011
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • interleukin-1 beta
  • cDNA
  • cytokine
  • Oncorhynchus mykiss
  • gene organization
  • ACID


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