Collective aggressiveness limits colony persistence in high- but not low-elevation sites at Amazonian social spiders

J.L.L. Lichtenstein, D.N. Fisher, B.L. McEwen, D.T. Nondorf, E. Calvache, C. Schmitz, J. Elässer, J.N. Pruitt (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Identifying the traits that foster group survival in contrasting environments is important for understanding local adaptation in social systems. Here, we evaluate the relationship between the aggressiveness of social spider colonies and their persistence along an elevation gradient using the Amazonian spider, Anelosimus eximius. We found that colonies of A. eximius exhibit repeatable differences in their collective aggressiveness (latency to attack prey stimuli) and that colony aggressiveness is linked with persistence in a site‐specific manner. Less aggressive colonies are better able to persist at high‐elevation sites, which lack colony‐sustaining large‐bodied prey, whereas colony aggression was not related to chance of persistence at low‐elevation sites. This suggests that low aggressiveness promotes colony survival in high‐elevation, prey‐poor habitats, perhaps via increased tolerance to resource limitation. These data reveal that the collective phenotypes that relate to colony persistence vary by site, and thus, the path of social evolution in these environments is likely to be affected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1362-1367
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Evolutionary Biology
Volume32
Issue number12
Early online date18 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • aranae
  • collective behaviour
  • insect abundance
  • life history
  • multilevel selection

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    Lichtenstein, J. L. L., Fisher, D. N., McEwen, B. L., Nondorf, D. T., Calvache, E., Schmitz, C., Elässer, J., & Pruitt, J. N. (2019). Collective aggressiveness limits colony persistence in high- but not low-elevation sites at Amazonian social spiders. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 32(12), 1362-1367. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.13532