Combinatorial model of chemokine involvement in glomerular monocyte recruitment

A. Zernecke, K. S. C. Weber, Lars Peter Erwig, D. C. Kluth, B. Schroppel, Andrew Jackson Rees, C. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)


A sequential model involving chemokines has been proposed for leukocyte extravasation into areas of inflammation; however, site-specific aspects remain to be elucidated. Hence, we studied the role of chemokines produced by mesangial (MC) or glomerular endothelial cells (GEC) and their receptors in glomerular recruitment of monocytes. Stimulation of MC with TNF-alpha up-regulated mRNA and protein of CC and CXC chemokines but not constitutive expression of the CX3C chemokine fractalkine. While growth-related activity (GRO)-alpha was immobilized to MC proteoglycans, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 was secreted into the soluble phase. Firm adhesion and sequestration of monocytes on activated MC was supported by the GRO-alpha receptor CXCR2 and to a lesser extent by CX3CR, whereas the MCP-1 receptor CCR2 contributed to their transendothelial chemotaxis toward activated MC. In contrast, fractalkine mRNA and protein was induced by TNF-alpha in transformed rat GEC, and both CXCR2 and CX3CR mediated monocyte arrest on GEC in shear flow. The relevance of these mechanisms was confirmed in a rat nephrotoxic nephritis model where acute glomerular macrophage recruitment was profoundly inhibited by blocking CXCR2 or CCR2. In conclusion, our results epitomize a combinatorial model in which chemokines play specialized roles in driving glomerular monocyte recruitment and emphasize an important role for CXCR2 in macrophage infiltration during early phases of nephrotoxic nephritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5755-5762
Number of pages7
JournalThe Journal of Immunology
Publication statusPublished - May 2001


  • human mesangial cells
  • necrosis-factor-alpha
  • kappa-B mobilization
  • endothelial-cells
  • chemoattractant protein-1
  • physiological flow
  • transendothelial chemotaxis
  • monoclonal-antibodies
  • vascular endothelium
  • leukocyte migration


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