Comorbidity in severe asthma requiring systemic corticosteroid therapy: cross-sectional data from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database and the British Thoracic Difficult Asthma Registry

Joan Sweeney, Chris C Patterson, Andrew Menzies-Gow, Rob M Niven, Adel H Mansur, Christine Bucknall, Rekha Chaudhuri, David Price, Chris E Brightling, Liam G Heaney, British Thoracic Society Difficult Asthma Network

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of systemic corticosteroid-induced morbidity in severe asthma.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study.

SETTING: The primary care Optimum Patient Care Research Database and the British Thoracic Society Difficult Asthma Registry.

PARTICIPANTS: Optimum Patient Care Research Database (7195 subjects in three age- and gender-matched groups)-severe asthma (Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) treatment step 5 with four or more prescriptions/year of oral corticosteroids, n=808), mild/moderate asthma (GINA treatment step 2/3, n=3975) and non-asthma controls (n=2412). 770 subjects with severe asthma from the British Thoracic Society Difficult Asthma Registry (442 receiving daily oral corticosteroids to maintain disease control).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence rates of morbidities associated with systemic steroid exposure were evaluated and reported separately for each group.

RESULTS: 748/808 (93%) subjects with severe asthma had one or more condition linked to systemic corticosteroid exposure (mild/moderate asthma 3109/3975 (78%), non-asthma controls 1548/2412 (64%); p<0.001 for severe asthma versus non-asthma controls). Compared with mild/moderate asthma, morbidity rates for severe asthma were significantly higher for conditions associated with systemic steroid exposure (type II diabetes 10% vs 7%, OR=1.46 (95% CI 1.11 to 1.91), p<0.01; osteoporosis 16% vs 4%, OR=5.23, (95% CI 3.97 to 6.89), p<0.001; dyspeptic disorders (including gastric/duodenal ulceration) 65% vs 34%, OR=3.99, (95% CI 3.37 to 4.72), p<0.001; cataracts 9% vs 5%, OR=1.89, (95% CI 1.39 to 2.56), p<0.001). In the British Thoracic Society Difficult Asthma Registry similar prevalence rates were found, although, additionally, high rates of osteopenia (35%) and obstructive sleep apnoea (11%) were identified.

CONCLUSIONS: Oral corticosteroid-related adverse events are common in severe asthma. New treatments which reduce exposure to oral corticosteroids may reduce the prevalence of these conditions and this should be considered in cost-effectiveness analyses of these new treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-346
Number of pages8
JournalThorax
Volume71
Issue number4
Early online date27 Jan 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comorbidity in severe asthma requiring systemic corticosteroid therapy: cross-sectional data from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database and the British Thoracic Difficult Asthma Registry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sweeney, J., Patterson, C. C., Menzies-Gow, A., Niven, R. M., Mansur, A. H., Bucknall, C., Chaudhuri, R., Price, D., Brightling, C. E., Heaney, L. G., & British Thoracic Society Difficult Asthma Network (2016). Comorbidity in severe asthma requiring systemic corticosteroid therapy: cross-sectional data from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database and the British Thoracic Difficult Asthma Registry. Thorax, 71(4), 339-346. https://doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207630