Comparative study of the functional properties of lupin, green pea, fava bean, hemp, and buckwheat flours as affected by pH

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Abstract

The demand for products of high nutritional value from sustainable sources is growing rapidly in the global food market. In this study, the effect of pH on the functional properties of lupin, green pea, fava bean, hemp, and buckwheat flours was investigated and compared with wheat flour. Functional properties included solubility, emulsifying and foaming properties, gelling ability, and water holding capacity (WHC). All flours had minimal solubility at pH 4 and their corresponding values increased with increasing pH. Emulsifying properties were improved at pH 10 for all samples and emulsion stability showed a similar trend. Increasing pH in the range 4–10 enhanced the foaming properties of the flours, particularly buckwheat and hemp. Wheat, green pea, buckwheat, and fava bean were more capable of forming firm gels compared with lupin and hemp, as indicated by least gelling concentrations (LGCs). The ranking of the water binding properties of the different types of flours were lupin>hemp>fava bean>buckwheat>green pea>wheat. Results indicate that underutilized flours from sustainable plant sources could be exploited by the food industry as functional food ingredients or as replacements of wheat flour for various food applications. Depending on the application, flour functionality may be effectively tailored by pH adjustment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-810
Number of pages9
JournalFood Science and Nutrition
Volume2
Issue number6
Early online date7 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2014

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buckwheat flour
Fagopyrum
Vicia faba
Lupinus
hemp
Peas
Flour
Cannabis
faba beans
functional properties
peas
Triticum
buckwheat
flour
foaming properties
gelation
wheat flour
Solubility
solubility
wheat

Keywords

  • emulsion
  • flour
  • foaming properties
  • pH
  • protein functionality

Cite this

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title = "Comparative study of the functional properties of lupin, green pea, fava bean, hemp, and buckwheat flours as affected by pH",
abstract = "The demand for products of high nutritional value from sustainable sources is growing rapidly in the global food market. In this study, the effect of pH on the functional properties of lupin, green pea, fava bean, hemp, and buckwheat flours was investigated and compared with wheat flour. Functional properties included solubility, emulsifying and foaming properties, gelling ability, and water holding capacity (WHC). All flours had minimal solubility at pH 4 and their corresponding values increased with increasing pH. Emulsifying properties were improved at pH 10 for all samples and emulsion stability showed a similar trend. Increasing pH in the range 4–10 enhanced the foaming properties of the flours, particularly buckwheat and hemp. Wheat, green pea, buckwheat, and fava bean were more capable of forming firm gels compared with lupin and hemp, as indicated by least gelling concentrations (LGCs). The ranking of the water binding properties of the different types of flours were lupin>hemp>fava bean>buckwheat>green pea>wheat. Results indicate that underutilized flours from sustainable plant sources could be exploited by the food industry as functional food ingredients or as replacements of wheat flour for various food applications. Depending on the application, flour functionality may be effectively tailored by pH adjustment.",
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author = "Vassilios Raikos and Madalina Neacsu and Wendy Russell and Garry Duthie",
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