Constraints on North Anatolian Fault Zone Width in the Crust and Upper Mantle From S Wave Teleseismic Tomography

Elvira Papaleo, David G. Cornwell, Nicholas Rawlinson

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Abstract

We present high resolution S-wave teleseismic tomography images of the western segment of the North Anatolian Fault (NAFZ) in Turkey using teleseismic data recorded during the deployment period of the DANA array. The array comprised 66 stations with a nominal station spacing of 7 km, thus permitting a horizontal and vertical resolution of approximately 15 km. We use the current S-wave results with previously published P-wave teleseismic tomography to produce maps of relative VP/VS anomalies, which we use to highlight the difference in overall composition of the three terranes separated by the northern (NNAF) and southern (SNAF) branches of the NAFZ. Our results show a narrow S-wave low velocity anomaly beneath the northern branch of the NAFZ extending from the upper crust, where it has a width of ∼10 km, to the lower crust, where it widens to ∼30 km. This low velocity zone most likely extends into the upper mantle, where we constrain its width to be ≤50 km and interpret it as indicative of localised shear beneath the NNAF; this structure is similar to what has been observed for the NAFZ west of 32°and therefore we propose that the structure of the NNAF is similar to that of the NAFZ in the east. The SNAF does not show a very strong signature in our images and we conclude that it is most likely rooted in the crust, possibly accommodating deformation related to rotation of the Armutlu/Almacik Blocks situated between the two NAFZ branches.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2908-2922
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume123
Issue number4
Early online date16 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Fingerprint

North Anatolian Fault
tomography
S waves
Tomography
S-wave
upper mantle
fault zone
crusts
Earth mantle
crust
low speed
stations
anomalies
anomaly
low velocity zone
Turkey
P waves
upper crust
lower crust
P-wave

Keywords

  • North Anatolian Fault
  • fault width
  • S-wave teleseismic tomography
  • continental strike-slip fault

Cite this

Constraints on North Anatolian Fault Zone Width in the Crust and Upper Mantle From S Wave Teleseismic Tomography. / Papaleo, Elvira; Cornwell, David G.; Rawlinson, Nicholas.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 123, No. 4, 04.2018, p. 2908-2922.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We present high resolution S-wave teleseismic tomography images of the western segment of the North Anatolian Fault (NAFZ) in Turkey using teleseismic data recorded during the deployment period of the DANA array. The array comprised 66 stations with a nominal station spacing of 7 km, thus permitting a horizontal and vertical resolution of approximately 15 km. We use the current S-wave results with previously published P-wave teleseismic tomography to produce maps of relative VP/VS anomalies, which we use to highlight the difference in overall composition of the three terranes separated by the northern (NNAF) and southern (SNAF) branches of the NAFZ. Our results show a narrow S-wave low velocity anomaly beneath the northern branch of the NAFZ extending from the upper crust, where it has a width of ∼10 km, to the lower crust, where it widens to ∼30 km. This low velocity zone most likely extends into the upper mantle, where we constrain its width to be ≤50 km and interpret it as indicative of localised shear beneath the NNAF; this structure is similar to what has been observed for the NAFZ west of 32°and therefore we propose that the structure of the NNAF is similar to that of the NAFZ in the east. The SNAF does not show a very strong signature in our images and we conclude that it is most likely rooted in the crust, possibly accommodating deformation related to rotation of the Armutlu/Almacik Blocks situated between the two NAFZ branches.

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