Continuous Wave NMR Imaging in the Solid State

Andrew J. Fagan, David J. Lurie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technique fir imaging materials exhibiting extremely short T-2 relaxation times is described and some examples of its application to materials of scientific and industrial interest are presented The technique employs continuous-wave (CW) radio-frequency irradiation of the Sample together with continual detection, and thus the experimental dead-time inherent in pulsed techniques is effectively, eliminated. The mechanisms which broaden the NMR linewidths of materials in the solid state and liquids in confined geometries are described, and the resulting difficulties which these broad linewidths pose to NMR imaging (NMRI) are outlined A brief review of existing NAIRI techniques is then presented. The CW-NMR approach to imaging is expounded, and the CW-NMRI system is described in detail. 1-D and 2-D images of the ingress of water (H-1 imaging) and brine (Na-23 imaging) into various cementitious materials are presented, together with images of the solid Al-27 phase of a hi high-temperature refractory cement. The inter- and self-diffusion coefficients of a clay mineral, bentonite, were successfully measured, and the 2-D cold 3-D imaging performance of the system was demonstrated on phantoms of poly(methyl methacriylate) (PMMA; Perspex/Plexiglas).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-140
Number of pages44
JournalAnnual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • high-resolution NMR
  • oscillating field gradients
  • coupled spin systems
  • multiple purse NMR
  • magnetic-resonance
  • stray-field
  • rotational resonance
  • portland-cement
  • planar films
  • quantum NMR

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