Control of human appetite: implications for the intake of dietary fat

J E Blundell, C L Lawton, J R Cotton, Jennifer Isabel Macdiarmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The human appetite system contains central and peripheral mechanisms that interact with environmental features, especially with the physical and nutrient composition of the food supply. Foods varying in nutrient composition exert different physiologic effects, some of which function as satiety signals. High-fat diets (low food quotient) lead to high levels of energy intake. This effect is termed passive overconsumption and overcomes fat-induced physiological satiety signals. High-fat foods exert a weak effect on satiation (intra-meal satiety), and fat has a weaker effect, joule for joule, on postingestive satiety than do other macronutrients. The frequency of obesity is greater among high-fat than low-fat consumers. However, the development of obesity on a high-fat diet is not a biological inevitability. The investigation of people who resist the weight-inducing properties of high-fat diets is a key research strategy. Understanding the appetite control system suggests behavioral, nutritional, and pharmacologic strategies for modifying dietary fat intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-319
Number of pages35
JournalAnnual Review of Nutrition
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

Fingerprint

Dietary Fats
Appetite
Fats
High Fat Diet
Food
Obesity
Satiation
Food Supply
Energy Intake
Meals
Weights and Measures
Research

Keywords

  • Appetite
  • Dietary Fats
  • Energy Intake
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Satiation

Cite this

Control of human appetite: implications for the intake of dietary fat. / Blundell, J E; Lawton, C L; Cotton, J R; Macdiarmid, Jennifer Isabel.

In: Annual Review of Nutrition, Vol. 16, 01.01.1996, p. 285-319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{607be4176eb44d16a471ac68bdc86f4f,
title = "Control of human appetite: implications for the intake of dietary fat",
abstract = "The human appetite system contains central and peripheral mechanisms that interact with environmental features, especially with the physical and nutrient composition of the food supply. Foods varying in nutrient composition exert different physiologic effects, some of which function as satiety signals. High-fat diets (low food quotient) lead to high levels of energy intake. This effect is termed passive overconsumption and overcomes fat-induced physiological satiety signals. High-fat foods exert a weak effect on satiation (intra-meal satiety), and fat has a weaker effect, joule for joule, on postingestive satiety than do other macronutrients. The frequency of obesity is greater among high-fat than low-fat consumers. However, the development of obesity on a high-fat diet is not a biological inevitability. The investigation of people who resist the weight-inducing properties of high-fat diets is a key research strategy. Understanding the appetite control system suggests behavioral, nutritional, and pharmacologic strategies for modifying dietary fat intake.",
keywords = "Appetite, Dietary Fats, Energy Intake, Energy Metabolism, Humans, Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Satiation",
author = "Blundell, {J E} and Lawton, {C L} and Cotton, {J R} and Macdiarmid, {Jennifer Isabel}",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1146/annurev.nu.16.070196.001441",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "285--319",
journal = "Annual Review of Nutrition",
issn = "0199-9885",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Control of human appetite: implications for the intake of dietary fat

AU - Blundell, J E

AU - Lawton, C L

AU - Cotton, J R

AU - Macdiarmid, Jennifer Isabel

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - The human appetite system contains central and peripheral mechanisms that interact with environmental features, especially with the physical and nutrient composition of the food supply. Foods varying in nutrient composition exert different physiologic effects, some of which function as satiety signals. High-fat diets (low food quotient) lead to high levels of energy intake. This effect is termed passive overconsumption and overcomes fat-induced physiological satiety signals. High-fat foods exert a weak effect on satiation (intra-meal satiety), and fat has a weaker effect, joule for joule, on postingestive satiety than do other macronutrients. The frequency of obesity is greater among high-fat than low-fat consumers. However, the development of obesity on a high-fat diet is not a biological inevitability. The investigation of people who resist the weight-inducing properties of high-fat diets is a key research strategy. Understanding the appetite control system suggests behavioral, nutritional, and pharmacologic strategies for modifying dietary fat intake.

AB - The human appetite system contains central and peripheral mechanisms that interact with environmental features, especially with the physical and nutrient composition of the food supply. Foods varying in nutrient composition exert different physiologic effects, some of which function as satiety signals. High-fat diets (low food quotient) lead to high levels of energy intake. This effect is termed passive overconsumption and overcomes fat-induced physiological satiety signals. High-fat foods exert a weak effect on satiation (intra-meal satiety), and fat has a weaker effect, joule for joule, on postingestive satiety than do other macronutrients. The frequency of obesity is greater among high-fat than low-fat consumers. However, the development of obesity on a high-fat diet is not a biological inevitability. The investigation of people who resist the weight-inducing properties of high-fat diets is a key research strategy. Understanding the appetite control system suggests behavioral, nutritional, and pharmacologic strategies for modifying dietary fat intake.

KW - Appetite

KW - Dietary Fats

KW - Energy Intake

KW - Energy Metabolism

KW - Humans

KW - Nutritional Physiological Phenomena

KW - Satiation

U2 - 10.1146/annurev.nu.16.070196.001441

DO - 10.1146/annurev.nu.16.070196.001441

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 285

EP - 319

JO - Annual Review of Nutrition

JF - Annual Review of Nutrition

SN - 0199-9885

ER -