Cost-effectiveness of Self-management Methods for the Treatment of Chronic Pain in an Aging Adult Population

A Systematic Review of the Literature

Dwayne Boyers*, Paul McNamee, Amanda Clarke, Derek Jones, Denis Martin, Pat Schofield, Blair H. Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of self-management techniques for older populations (65 and over) with chronic pain and in the absence of such evidence to investigate this question in an aging adult population (average age 60 and over).

Methods: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with cost-effectiveness data and at least 6 months' follow-up, up to December 2010.

Results: No RCT studies reported cost-effectiveness of self-management exclusively in the over 65 age group. Ten RCTs reported participants with an average age of 60 years or over and met all other inclusion criteria. All of these studies measured cost-effectiveness as cost per improvement in primary outcome, 7 of them using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score, of which 6 reported the pain dimension. Six studies reported cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY)-gained information, with a further 1 reporting EQ-5D. In 7 studies, relative to usual care, self-management was effective, and in the remaining 3 studies, there was no significant difference. Among those reporting cost per QALY-gained results, self-management did not lead to statistically significant QALY gains relative to usual care (with only one exception). Eight studies suggested that the cost of developing and delivering self-management interventions may be partly offset by savings from reduced subsequent health care resource use.

Conclusions: Self-management is effective among an aging adult population (mean age over 60) with chronic pain and may be cost-effective when outcomes are measured using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score. Cost-effectiveness is less certain when measured using the QALY metric. Uncertainty over conclusions regarding cost-effectiveness exists partly due to lack of information regarding societal willingness to pay for pain improvement. There is a need for large multicentred high-quality RCTs to confirm the findings of this review exclusively among older aged populations, such as those who have already reached the statutory retirement age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-375
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Journal of Pain
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • older adult
  • aging adult
  • economic evaluation
  • cost-effectiveness
  • self-management
  • general-population
  • knee pain
  • osteoarthritis
  • interference
  • community
  • exercise
  • program
  • EUROQOL
  • EQ-5D
  • life

Cite this

Cost-effectiveness of Self-management Methods for the Treatment of Chronic Pain in an Aging Adult Population : A Systematic Review of the Literature. / Boyers, Dwayne; McNamee, Paul; Clarke, Amanda; Jones, Derek; Martin, Denis; Schofield, Pat; Smith, Blair H.

In: Clinical Journal of Pain, Vol. 29, No. 4, 04.2013, p. 366-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

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abstract = "Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of self-management techniques for older populations (65 and over) with chronic pain and in the absence of such evidence to investigate this question in an aging adult population (average age 60 and over).Methods: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with cost-effectiveness data and at least 6 months' follow-up, up to December 2010.Results: No RCT studies reported cost-effectiveness of self-management exclusively in the over 65 age group. Ten RCTs reported participants with an average age of 60 years or over and met all other inclusion criteria. All of these studies measured cost-effectiveness as cost per improvement in primary outcome, 7 of them using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score, of which 6 reported the pain dimension. Six studies reported cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY)-gained information, with a further 1 reporting EQ-5D. In 7 studies, relative to usual care, self-management was effective, and in the remaining 3 studies, there was no significant difference. Among those reporting cost per QALY-gained results, self-management did not lead to statistically significant QALY gains relative to usual care (with only one exception). Eight studies suggested that the cost of developing and delivering self-management interventions may be partly offset by savings from reduced subsequent health care resource use.Conclusions: Self-management is effective among an aging adult population (mean age over 60) with chronic pain and may be cost-effective when outcomes are measured using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score. Cost-effectiveness is less certain when measured using the QALY metric. Uncertainty over conclusions regarding cost-effectiveness exists partly due to lack of information regarding societal willingness to pay for pain improvement. There is a need for large multicentred high-quality RCTs to confirm the findings of this review exclusively among older aged populations, such as those who have already reached the statutory retirement age.",
keywords = "chronic pain, older adult, aging adult, economic evaluation, cost-effectiveness, self-management, general-population, knee pain, osteoarthritis, interference, community, exercise, program, EUROQOL, EQ-5D, life",
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AU - Jones, Derek

AU - Martin, Denis

AU - Schofield, Pat

AU - Smith, Blair H.

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N2 - Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of self-management techniques for older populations (65 and over) with chronic pain and in the absence of such evidence to investigate this question in an aging adult population (average age 60 and over).Methods: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with cost-effectiveness data and at least 6 months' follow-up, up to December 2010.Results: No RCT studies reported cost-effectiveness of self-management exclusively in the over 65 age group. Ten RCTs reported participants with an average age of 60 years or over and met all other inclusion criteria. All of these studies measured cost-effectiveness as cost per improvement in primary outcome, 7 of them using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score, of which 6 reported the pain dimension. Six studies reported cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY)-gained information, with a further 1 reporting EQ-5D. In 7 studies, relative to usual care, self-management was effective, and in the remaining 3 studies, there was no significant difference. Among those reporting cost per QALY-gained results, self-management did not lead to statistically significant QALY gains relative to usual care (with only one exception). Eight studies suggested that the cost of developing and delivering self-management interventions may be partly offset by savings from reduced subsequent health care resource use.Conclusions: Self-management is effective among an aging adult population (mean age over 60) with chronic pain and may be cost-effective when outcomes are measured using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score. Cost-effectiveness is less certain when measured using the QALY metric. Uncertainty over conclusions regarding cost-effectiveness exists partly due to lack of information regarding societal willingness to pay for pain improvement. There is a need for large multicentred high-quality RCTs to confirm the findings of this review exclusively among older aged populations, such as those who have already reached the statutory retirement age.

AB - Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of self-management techniques for older populations (65 and over) with chronic pain and in the absence of such evidence to investigate this question in an aging adult population (average age 60 and over).Methods: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with cost-effectiveness data and at least 6 months' follow-up, up to December 2010.Results: No RCT studies reported cost-effectiveness of self-management exclusively in the over 65 age group. Ten RCTs reported participants with an average age of 60 years or over and met all other inclusion criteria. All of these studies measured cost-effectiveness as cost per improvement in primary outcome, 7 of them using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score, of which 6 reported the pain dimension. Six studies reported cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY)-gained information, with a further 1 reporting EQ-5D. In 7 studies, relative to usual care, self-management was effective, and in the remaining 3 studies, there was no significant difference. Among those reporting cost per QALY-gained results, self-management did not lead to statistically significant QALY gains relative to usual care (with only one exception). Eight studies suggested that the cost of developing and delivering self-management interventions may be partly offset by savings from reduced subsequent health care resource use.Conclusions: Self-management is effective among an aging adult population (mean age over 60) with chronic pain and may be cost-effective when outcomes are measured using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score. Cost-effectiveness is less certain when measured using the QALY metric. Uncertainty over conclusions regarding cost-effectiveness exists partly due to lack of information regarding societal willingness to pay for pain improvement. There is a need for large multicentred high-quality RCTs to confirm the findings of this review exclusively among older aged populations, such as those who have already reached the statutory retirement age.

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KW - general-population

KW - knee pain

KW - osteoarthritis

KW - interference

KW - community

KW - exercise

KW - program

KW - EUROQOL

KW - EQ-5D

KW - life

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DO - 10.1097/AJP.0b013e318250f539

M3 - Literature review

VL - 29

SP - 366

EP - 375

JO - Clinical Journal of Pain

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SN - 0749-8047

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