### Abstract

Using the Hirota's method and elliptic theta-functions, we obtain three families of exact periodic (cnoidal) wave solutions for two nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equations coupled by XPM (cross-phase-modulation) terms, with a ratio a of the XPM and SPM (self-phase-modulation) coefficients. Unlike the previous works, we obtain the solutions for the case when the coefficients of the group-velocity-dispersion (GVD) in the coupled equations have opposite signs. In the limit of the infinite period, the solutions with sigma > 1 carry over into inverted bound states of bright and dark solitons in the normal- and anomalous-GVD modes (known as "symbiotic solitons"), while the infinite-period solution with sigma < 1 is an uninverted bound state (also an unstable one). The case of sigma = 2 is of direct interest to fiber-optic telecommunications, as it corresponds to a scheme with a pulse stream in an anomalous-GVD payload channel stabilized by a concomitant strong periodic signal in a mate normal-GVD channel. The case of arbitrary sigma may be implemented in a dual-core waveguide. To understand the stability of the coupled waves, we first analytically explore the modulational stability of CW (constant-amplitude) solutions, concluding that they may be completely stable for sigma > 1, provided that the absolute value of the GVD coefficient is smaller in the anomalous-GVD mode than in the normal-GVD one, and certain auxiliary conditions on the amplitudes are met. The stability of the exact cnoidal-wave solutions is tested in direct simulations. We infer that, while, strictly speaking, in the practically significant case of sigma = 2 all the solutions are unstable, in many cases the instability may be strongly attenuated, rendering the above-mentioned paired channels scheme usable. In particular, the instability is milder for a smaller period of the wave pattern, and/or if the anomalous GVD is weaker than the normal GVD in the mate channel. When the instability sets in, it first initiates quasi-reversible modulations, and only at a later stage the wave pattern decays into a "turbulent" state. (c) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 117-128 |

Number of pages | 11 |

Journal | Optics Communications |

Volume | 249 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2005 |

### Keywords

- optical fiber
- coupled nonlinear Schrodinger (NLS) equations
- periodic solutions
- Hirota method
- INDUCED MODULATIONAL INSTABILITY
- SCHRODINGER-EQUATIONS
- EVOLUTION-EQUATIONS
- REPETITION RATE
- GENERATION
- SOLITONS
- TRAIN
- PULSES

## Cite this

*Optics Communications*,

*249*, 117-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2004.12.042