Coupling of DNA replication and mitosis by fission yeast rad4/cut5

Yasushi Saka, P Fantes, M Yanagida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fission yeast cut5+ (identical to rad4+) gene is essential for S phase. Its temperature-sensitive (ts) mutation causes mitosis while S phase is inhibited: dependence of mitosis upon the completion of S phase is abolished. If DNA is damaged in mutant cells, however, cell division is arrested. Thus the checkpoint control system for DNA damage is functional, while that for DNA synthesis inhibition is not in the cut5 mutants. Transcription of the cut5+ gene is not under the direct control of cdc10+, which encodes a transcription factor for the START of cell cycle. The transcript level does not change during the cell cycle. The protein product has four distinct domains and is enriched in the nucleus. Its level does not alter during the cell cycle. The N-domain is important for cut5 protein function: it is essential for complementation of ts cut5 mutations and its overexpression blocks cell division. Furthermore, it resembles the N-terminal repeat domain of proto-oncoprotein Ect2, which, in the C-domain, contains a regulator-like sequence for small G proteins. We discuss a hypothesis that the cut5 protein is an essential component of the checkpoint control system for the completion of DNA synthesis. The restraint of mitosis until the completion of S phase is mediated by the cut5 protein, which can sense the state of chromosome duplication and negatively interacts with M phase regulators such as cdc25 and cdc2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-61
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Cell Science. Supplement
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994

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Schizosaccharomyces
DNA Replication
S Phase
Mitosis
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
DNA
Proteins
Chromosome Duplication
Mutation
Temperature
Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins
Terminal Repeat Sequences
Oncogene Proteins
Essential Genes
DNA Damage
Transcription Factors
Genes

Keywords

  • Cell Cycle
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Mitosis
  • Schizosaccharomyces
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Transglutaminases

Cite this

Coupling of DNA replication and mitosis by fission yeast rad4/cut5. / Saka, Yasushi; Fantes, P; Yanagida, M.

In: Journal of Cell Science. Supplement, Vol. 18, 01.01.1994, p. 57-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Saka, Yasushi ; Fantes, P ; Yanagida, M. / Coupling of DNA replication and mitosis by fission yeast rad4/cut5. In: Journal of Cell Science. Supplement. 1994 ; Vol. 18. pp. 57-61.
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AB - The fission yeast cut5+ (identical to rad4+) gene is essential for S phase. Its temperature-sensitive (ts) mutation causes mitosis while S phase is inhibited: dependence of mitosis upon the completion of S phase is abolished. If DNA is damaged in mutant cells, however, cell division is arrested. Thus the checkpoint control system for DNA damage is functional, while that for DNA synthesis inhibition is not in the cut5 mutants. Transcription of the cut5+ gene is not under the direct control of cdc10+, which encodes a transcription factor for the START of cell cycle. The transcript level does not change during the cell cycle. The protein product has four distinct domains and is enriched in the nucleus. Its level does not alter during the cell cycle. The N-domain is important for cut5 protein function: it is essential for complementation of ts cut5 mutations and its overexpression blocks cell division. Furthermore, it resembles the N-terminal repeat domain of proto-oncoprotein Ect2, which, in the C-domain, contains a regulator-like sequence for small G proteins. We discuss a hypothesis that the cut5 protein is an essential component of the checkpoint control system for the completion of DNA synthesis. The restraint of mitosis until the completion of S phase is mediated by the cut5 protein, which can sense the state of chromosome duplication and negatively interacts with M phase regulators such as cdc25 and cdc2.

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