COVID-19 lockdowns and children's health and well-being

Samreen Malik* (Corresponding Author), Benedikt Mihm, Antje von Suchodoletz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper studies the health and well-being of children during the COVID-19 lockdowns in a developing country context. Using surveys for low-income households in rural areas of Pakistan, we find that lockdowns are associated with worsened health and well-being of children. Exploring potential economic and noneconomic mechanisms behind this negative association, we find that children participating in the labor market due to extreme poverty suffer the worst impact from lockdowns. These results call for policies that target resources towards households where children's participation in the labor market is more likely since leaving vulnerable children behind will have a lasting economic impact for developing economies. 

Original languageEnglish
Article number102549
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Economic Psychology
Early online date14 Sep 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • CoVID-19
  • Health
  • Well-being
  • Lockdowns
  • School closure
  • Child Labor


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