Cross-linking of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 and alpha(2)-antiplasmin to fibrin(ogen)

H Ritchie, L C Lawrie, P W Crombie, M W Mosesson, N A Booth

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Abstract

In this study, we identified lysine residues in the fibrinogen A alpha chain that serve as substrates during transglutaminase (TG)-mediated cross-linking of plasminogen activator inhibitor 2 (PAI-2), Comparisons were made with alpha(2)-antiplasmin (alpha(2)-AP), which is known to cross-link to lysine 303 of the A alpha chain. A 30-residue peptide containing Lys-303 specifically competed with fibrinogen for cross-linking to alpha(2)-AP but not for crosslinking to PAI-2, Further evidence that PAI-2 did not cross-link via Lys-303 was the cross-linking of PAI-2 to I-9 and des-alpha C fibrinogens, which lack 100 and 390 amino acids from the C terminus of the A alpha chain, respectively. PAI-(2) or alpha(2)-AP was cross-linked to fibrinogen and digested with trypsin or endopeptidase Glu-C, and the resulting peptides analyzed by mass spectrometry, Peptides detected were consistent with tissue TG (tTG)-mediated cross-linking of PAI-2 to lysines 148, 176, 183, 457 and factor XIIIa-mediated cross-linking of PAI-2 to lysines 148, 230, and 413 in the A alpha chain. alpha(2)-AP was crosslinked only to lysine 303, Cross-linking of PAI-S to fibrinogen did not compete with alpha(2)-AP, and the two proteins utilized different lysines in the A alpha chain. Therefore, PAI-2 and alpha(2)-AP can cross-link simultaneously to the alpha polymers of a fibrin clot and promote resistance to lysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24915-24920
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • AMINO-ACID SEQUENCE
  • HUMAN-FIBRINOGEN
  • ALPHA-2-PLASMIN INHIBITOR
  • ALPHA-CHAIN
  • STABILIZING FACTOR
  • PLASMA-FIBRINOGEN
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • FACTOR-XIIIA
  • TRANSGLUTAMINASES
  • TYPE-2

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