Crown Taper Angles Achieved by Dental Students: A Systematic Review

Kenneth J Strain, James Mackie, Stephen J Bonsor, Tatiana V Macfarlane

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this systematic review was to examine the literature on clinical taper angles achieved by dental students during crown preparation to determine the theoretical and clinically acceptable values identified in research studies. Medline, Embase, Web of Knowledge, the Cochrane Library, the British Dental Journal, and the Journal of the American Dental Association were searched to identify relevant studies. Studies were included if they were in vivo research on full crown preparations by dental students and published in English. Data extracted were country, year of publication, model selection and measurement methods, tests for reproducibility, tooth type, number of teeth assessed, and tapers achieved. The search resulted in 12 included articles from 11 countries published between 1978 and 2014 featuring a total of 2,306 preparations. In those studies, students failed to achieve ideal convergence angles (between 4° and 14°) but produced clinically acceptable results (between 10° and 20°). These findings should be taken into account when assessing dental students during their training programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1203-1212
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Dental Education
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2018


  • dental education
  • restorative dentistry
  • crown preparations
  • taper
  • convergence
  • angle
  • systematic review


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