Cultural factors related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico: A systematic review of qualitative studies

Magaly Aceves Martins* (Corresponding Author), Marcela García-Botello, Lizet López-Cruz, Carlos Francisco Moreno-García, Naara L. Godina-Flores, Yareni Gutierrez-Gómez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Culture and culturally specific beliefs or practices may influence perceptions and decisions, potentially contributing to childhood obesity. The objective of this study is to identify the cultural factors (expressed through decisions, behaviors, individual experiences, perceptions, attitudes, or views) related to childhood and adolescent obesity in Mexico. Ten databases and one search engine were searched from 1995 onwards for qualitative studies. The Sunrise Enabler Model, described within the Cultural Care Theory, guided this review. Sample, the phenomenon of interest, study design, and evaluation data were extracted, and the Critical Appraisals Skills Programme tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Twenty-four studies were included. Of these, 12 studies included children or adolescents, 12 included parents, eight included schoolteachers, four included school staff (other than teachers), four included food vendors, and one included policymakers. Cultural values, beliefs, lifeways (especially food and food costumes), kinship, and social factors (particularly immediate and extended family) strongly influenced childhood and adolescent obesity-related lifestyles in Mexico. Most cultural factors related to childhood obesity in Mexico identified in this review may be modifiable and amenable to practical interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13461
Number of pages29
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume23
Issue number9
Early online date19 May 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • children
  • cultural factors
  • Mexico
  • obesity
  • qualitative

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