Culture is used as a development strategy in many European cities, a means to attract capital, to improve the image of the city, and to promote unity and cooperation. Like other strategies, it has winners and losers and, in its symbolic meanings, may provoke conflict.
Keating, M. J., & de Frantz, M. (2003). Culture-led strategies for urban regeneration: a comparative perspective on Bilbao. International Journal of Iberian Studies, 16(3), 187-194. https://doi.org/10.1386/ijis.16.3.187/1