Cypriot Muslims among Ottomans, Turks and two world wars

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
4 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This article focuses on the secular Turkish identity that was being shaped during the interwar period. It examines the cleavages within the Muslim community of Cyprus and explores the formation of the Turkish Cypriot national identity. The main argument of this paper is that the rift in the Muslim community during the interwar period was a reflection of the conflict between the reformist and traditional trends that was taking place at the same time in the Republic of Turkey. During the interwar period, 1919-1939, the Muslim community of Cyprus was divided between the secularist and the traditional Muslims. As in Turkish society in the 1920s, the Turkish Cypriot community was dominated by the so-called traditional Muslims. Only the Muslim elite minority favored Kemal Atatürk’s secular views. The British colonial rule cooperated more with traditional elites. At the same time secularist Muslims were cooperating with Greek Cypriots in economic issues. The 1930s was the crucial decade in the development of a Turkish Cypriot secular identity. This internal conflict of the Muslim community was terminated after World War II, with the victory of the secularists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-120
Number of pages12
JournalBogazici Journal, Review of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies
Volume25
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Turk
World War
Muslim
national identity
cleavage
community
Cyprus
economics
elite
world
conflict
World War II
republic
Turkey
minority
trend
society

Cite this

Cypriot Muslims among Ottomans, Turks and two world wars. / Xypolia, Ilia.

In: Bogazici Journal, Review of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies, Vol. 25, No. 2, 2011, p. 109-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{85c51080ae6540c99ccc12b9e8baa566,
title = "Cypriot Muslims among Ottomans, Turks and two world wars",
abstract = "This article focuses on the secular Turkish identity that was being shaped during the interwar period. It examines the cleavages within the Muslim community of Cyprus and explores the formation of the Turkish Cypriot national identity. The main argument of this paper is that the rift in the Muslim community during the interwar period was a reflection of the conflict between the reformist and traditional trends that was taking place at the same time in the Republic of Turkey. During the interwar period, 1919-1939, the Muslim community of Cyprus was divided between the secularist and the traditional Muslims. As in Turkish society in the 1920s, the Turkish Cypriot community was dominated by the so-called traditional Muslims. Only the Muslim elite minority favored Kemal Atat{\"u}rk’s secular views. The British colonial rule cooperated more with traditional elites. At the same time secularist Muslims were cooperating with Greek Cypriots in economic issues. The 1930s was the crucial decade in the development of a Turkish Cypriot secular identity. This internal conflict of the Muslim community was terminated after World War II, with the victory of the secularists.",
author = "Ilia Xypolia",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "109--120",
journal = "Bogazici Journal, Review of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies",
issn = "1300-9583",
publisher = "Bogazici Universitesi",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cypriot Muslims among Ottomans, Turks and two world wars

AU - Xypolia, Ilia

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - This article focuses on the secular Turkish identity that was being shaped during the interwar period. It examines the cleavages within the Muslim community of Cyprus and explores the formation of the Turkish Cypriot national identity. The main argument of this paper is that the rift in the Muslim community during the interwar period was a reflection of the conflict between the reformist and traditional trends that was taking place at the same time in the Republic of Turkey. During the interwar period, 1919-1939, the Muslim community of Cyprus was divided between the secularist and the traditional Muslims. As in Turkish society in the 1920s, the Turkish Cypriot community was dominated by the so-called traditional Muslims. Only the Muslim elite minority favored Kemal Atatürk’s secular views. The British colonial rule cooperated more with traditional elites. At the same time secularist Muslims were cooperating with Greek Cypriots in economic issues. The 1930s was the crucial decade in the development of a Turkish Cypriot secular identity. This internal conflict of the Muslim community was terminated after World War II, with the victory of the secularists.

AB - This article focuses on the secular Turkish identity that was being shaped during the interwar period. It examines the cleavages within the Muslim community of Cyprus and explores the formation of the Turkish Cypriot national identity. The main argument of this paper is that the rift in the Muslim community during the interwar period was a reflection of the conflict between the reformist and traditional trends that was taking place at the same time in the Republic of Turkey. During the interwar period, 1919-1939, the Muslim community of Cyprus was divided between the secularist and the traditional Muslims. As in Turkish society in the 1920s, the Turkish Cypriot community was dominated by the so-called traditional Muslims. Only the Muslim elite minority favored Kemal Atatürk’s secular views. The British colonial rule cooperated more with traditional elites. At the same time secularist Muslims were cooperating with Greek Cypriots in economic issues. The 1930s was the crucial decade in the development of a Turkish Cypriot secular identity. This internal conflict of the Muslim community was terminated after World War II, with the victory of the secularists.

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 109

EP - 120

JO - Bogazici Journal, Review of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies

JF - Bogazici Journal, Review of Social, Economic and Administrative Studies

SN - 1300-9583

IS - 2

ER -