The cytotoxicity of two novel polyamine analogues was compared with that of a known cytotoxic drug, etoposide, in a human promyelogenous leukemic cell line. CHEN-spm showed significant acute cytotoxicity in these cells and was comparable to etoposide in terms of IC50 value. The cell death observed from both CHEN-spm and etoposide was typically apoptotic with increased DNA fragmentation, altered cell morphology, and cell cycle distribution. CPEN-spm, on the other hand, exhibited no toxic effects over the short-team (24 h) exposure period. Intracellular polyamine content decreased in the presence of all inhibitors but only CPEN-spm produced significant induction of spermidine/spermine N-1-acetyltransferase in 24 h. Thus, increased polyamine catabolism appears not to be essential for the initiation of apoptotic cell death in these human leukemic cells. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
- SPERMIDINE/SPERMINE N-1-ACETYLTRANSFERASE
- METHYLGLYOXAL BIS(GUANYLHYDRAZONE)