Daily negative affect and smoking after a self-set quit attempt: The role of dyadic invisible social support in a daily diary study

Janina Lüscher, Gertraud Stadler, Sibylle Ochsner, Pamela Rackow, Nina Knoll, Rainer Hornung, Urte Scholz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


Social support receipt from one's partner is assumed to be beneficial for successful smoking cessation. However, support receipt can have costs. Recent research suggests that the most effective support is unnoticed by the receiver (i.e., invisible). Therefore, this study examined the association between everyday levels of dyadic invisible emotional and instrumental support, daily negative affect, and daily smoking after a self-set quit attempt in smoker–non-smoker couples.

Overall, 100 smokers (72.0% men, mean age M = 40.48, SD = 9.82) and their non-smoking partners completed electronic diaries from a self-set quit date on for 22 consecutive days, reporting daily invisible emotional and instrumental social support, daily negative affect, and daily smoking.

Same-day multilevel analyses showed that at the between-person level, higher individual mean levels of invisible emotional and instrumental support were associated with less daily negative affect. In contrast to our assumption, more receipt of invisible emotional and instrumental support was related to more daily cigarettes smoked.

The findings are in line with previous results, indicating invisible support to have beneficial relations with affect. However, results emphasize the need for further prospective daily diary approaches for understanding the dynamics of invisible support on smoking cessation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-723
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Issue number4
Early online date2 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015



  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical Records
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Social Support
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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