Data interpretation for in situ measurements of cohesive sediments

J. Aberle, V.I. Nikora, R. Walters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Methods for interpreting data from in situ flume measurements of cohesive sediment dynamics are evaluated and a technique for estimating various erosion parameters using in situ measurements is proposed. There is currently a lack of uniformity in analysis techniques for cohesive erosion data collected in flumes and with in situ instruments and the proposed technique resolves some of these inconsistencies. The data set used in this study was derived from field experiments conducted with a straight benthic in situ flume in different aquatic environments in New Zealand. The experiments with stepwise increases in flow velocity revealed that peaks in the erosion rate at the beginning of each velocity step are most likely associated with heterogeneous bed structure, as transient hydrodynamic effects due to the experimental procedure were found to be insignificant. The field data showed an exponential decay of the erosion rate with time that is indicative of depth-limited erosion. These data are used to illustrate methods for the parameterization of the proposed semiempirical erosion equation, taking into account the time dependency of the erosion process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-588
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume132
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • cohesive sediment
  • shear stress
  • in situ tests
  • erosion
  • flumes
  • data analysis
  • measurement
  • fine-grained sediments
  • intertidal sediments
  • turbulence
  • flow
  • dynamics
  • harbor
  • ADV

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