Degree of habitual mastication seems to contribute to interindividual variations in the glycemic response to rice but not to spaghetti

Viren Ranawana, C Jeya K Henry, Megan Pratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous work by our group showed that the degree of particle breakdown of rice during mastication affects in vitro glycemic potency. The objective of this study was to confirm these in vitro findings in an in vivo model. We hypothesized that the degree of habitual mastication will influence individuals' in vivo blood glucose response (glycemic response, or GR) to carbohydrate foods. Eleven participants came in on six nonconsecutive days to the laboratory and evaluated 2 test foods (rice and spaghetti). Their GR was measured for the subsequent 120 minutes. Mastication parameters were determined using surface electrode electromyography. The particle size distribution of individuals' masticated food was also determined. The intraindividual number of chews per mouthful did not significantly differ for rice and spaghetti (29.9 and 33, respectively), although masticated particle size distribution did (P < .001). Significant correlations between the degree of breakdown during mastication and the GR were observed for rice, but none for spaghetti. Individuals' peak GR (at 45 minutes) correlated significantly with the particles size distribution of their masticated rice (P = .002), and also with the total incremental area under the curve for the GR (r = -0.72; P = .012) and the incremental area under the curve for the first 45 (r = -0.74; P = .010) and 60 minutes (r = 0.73; P = .010) postconsumption. The results suggest that individual differences in mastication may be one of the causes for interindividual differences in the GR to rice but not spaghetti.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-391
Number of pages10
JournalNutrition research (New York, N.Y.)
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • adult
  • area under curve
  • blood glucose
  • cereals
  • dietary carbohydrates
  • electromyography
  • female
  • glycemic index
  • humans
  • male
  • mastication
  • Oryza sativa
  • particle size
  • young adult

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