Delinking CARD9 and IL-17: Protects against Candida tropicalis Infection through a TNF-α–Dependent, IL-17–Independent Mechanism

Natasha Whibley, Jillian R Jaycox, Delyth Reid, Abhishek V Garg, Julie A Taylor, Cornelius J Clancy, M Hong Nguyen, Partha S Biswas, Mandy J McGeachy, Gordon D Brown, Sarah L Gaffen

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Abstract

Candida is the third most common cause of bloodstream infections in hospitalized patients. Immunity to C. albicans, the most frequent species to be isolated in candidiasis, involves a well-characterized Dectin-1/caspase-associated recruitment domain adaptor 9 (CARD9)/IL-17 signaling axis. Infections caused by non-albicans Candida species are on the rise, but surprisingly little is known about immunity to these pathogens. In this study, we evaluated a systemic infection model of C. tropicalis, a clinically relevant, but poorly understood, non-albicans Candida. Mice lacking CARD9 were profoundly susceptible to C. tropicalis, displaying elevated fungal burdens in visceral organs and increased mortality compared with wild-type (WT) controls. Unlike C. albicans, IL-17 responses were induced normally in CARD9(-/-) mice following C. tropicalis infection. Moreover, there was no difference in susceptibility to C. tropicalis infection between WT and IL-23p19(-/-), IL-17RA(-/-), or Act1(-/-) mice. However, TNF-α expression was markedly impaired in CARD9(-/-) mice. Consistently, WT mice depleted of TNF-α were more susceptible to C. tropicalis, and CARD9-deficient neutrophils and monocytes failed to produce TNF-α following stimulation with C. tropicalis Ags. Both neutrophils and monocytes were necessary for defense against C. tropicalis, because their depletion in WT mice enhanced susceptibility to C. tropicalis. Disease in CARD9(-/-) mice was not due to defective neutrophil or monocyte recruitment to infected kidneys. However, TNF-α treatment of neutrophils in vitro enhanced their ability to kill C. tropicalis. Thus, protection against systemic C. tropicalis infection requires CARD9 and TNF-α, but not IL-17, signaling. Moreover, CARD9-dependent production of TNF-α enhances the candidacidal capacity of neutrophils, limiting fungal disease during disseminated C. tropicalis infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3781-3792
Number of pages12
JournalThe Journal of Immunology
Volume195
Issue number8
Early online date2 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015

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    Whibley, N., Jaycox, J. R., Reid, D., Garg, A. V., Taylor, J. A., Clancy, C. J., Nguyen, M. H., Biswas, P. S., McGeachy, M. J., Brown, G. D., & Gaffen, S. L. (2015). Delinking CARD9 and IL-17: Protects against Candida tropicalis Infection through a TNF-α–Dependent, IL-17–Independent Mechanism. The Journal of Immunology, 195(8), 3781-3792. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1500870