Democratization Backwards: The Problem of Third-Wave Democracies

Richard Rose, D. Shin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    180 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Countries in the third wave of democratization have introduced competitive elections before establishing basic institutions of a modem state such as the rule of law, institutions of civil society and the accountability of governors. By contrast, countries in the first wave of democratization became modern states before universal suffrage was introduced. Because they have democratized backwards, most third-wave countries are currently incomplete democracies. Incomplete democracies can develop ill three different ways: completing democratization; repudiating free elections and turning to an undemocratic alternative; or falling into a low-level equilibrium trap in which the inadequacies of elites are matched by low popular demands and expectations. The significance of incomplete democratization is shown by analysing public opinion survey data from three new democracies varying in their predecessor regimes: the Russian Federation (a totalitarian past); the Czech Republic (both a democratic and a totalitarian past) and the Republic of Korea (formerly an authoritarian military regime).

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)331-335
    Number of pages4
    JournalBritish Journal of Political Science
    Volume31
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Cite this

    Democratization Backwards: The Problem of Third-Wave Democracies. / Rose, Richard; Shin, D.

    In: British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2001, p. 331-335.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Rose, Richard ; Shin, D. / Democratization Backwards: The Problem of Third-Wave Democracies. In: British Journal of Political Science. 2001 ; Vol. 31, No. 2. pp. 331-335.
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