Design and analysis of a smart microgrid for a small island in Indonesia

Imam Tri Sulistyo* (Corresponding Author), Aliakbar Jamshidi Far

*Corresponding author for this work

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Indonesia as the largest archipelago in the world has a big challenge to electrify all the inhabited islands due to the geographical dispersion. Microgrid development is one of the most suitable solutions in electrifying the islands while maximizing the utilization of renewable energy sources. In this paper a smart microgrid for a specific island in Indonesia, the Tidung Island, is designed and the challenges and benefits, cost and performance are analyzed. The designed smart microgrid includes diesel generators, solar PV and battery storage systems. Different design options, without and with peak load shaving are considered and compared against each other. The peak load shaving is implemented using Energy Storage System (ESS) and Demand Response (DR). MATLAB/SIMULINK simulation results are used to investigate and compare the performance of the proposed designs. In addition, a cost and benefit analysis (CBA) is also carried out to give an approximate cost indication of the three different designs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)967-974
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2020


  • smart grid
  • microgrid
  • renewable energy
  • Indonesia
  • Island


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