Determinants of smoking in eight countries of the former Soviet Union: results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study

Joceline Pomerleau, Anna Gilmore, Martin McKee, Charles Richard Rose, Christian Wilhelm Haerpfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims To provide accurate and timely data on the determinants of smoking in countries of the former Soviet Union in order to facilitate the development of effective tobacco control policies in the region. Such data are urgently needed given the absence of accurate comparative data in the region and the recent changes experienced.
Design Cross-sectional surveys using standardized methods and representative samples of the adult population in eight former Soviet Union countries conducted as part of the EU-Copernicus Project Living Conditions, Lifestyle, and Health study.
Setting Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine.
Participants A total of 18 428 adults aged 18 plus; response rates 71-88%.
Measurements The association of smoking with demographic and socioeconomic factors was investigated using multiple logistic regression analyses, stratifying by gender.
Findings Age was a strong determinant of smoking in both genders, with elderly individuals being less likely to smoke. Men who were more socially disadvantaged (less educated, poorer economic situation and/or less social support) were more likely to smoke. In women, living in larger urban areas was the strongest predictor of smoking. Divorced, separated or widowed women were also more likely to smoke than married women. Muslim respondents smoked less frequently compared with other respondents.
Conclusions Smoking is a major public health issue in the FSU particularly affecting socially vulnerable men and young women living in urbanized areas. These high-risk groups should be targeted in future smoking prevention and cessation strategies in the region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1577-1585
Number of pages9
JournalAddiction
Volume99
Issue number4
Early online date27 Oct 2004
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

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USSR
Social Conditions
Life Style
Smoking
Smoke
Health
Kyrgyzstan
Moldova
Armenia
Republic of Belarus
Kazakhstan
Ukraine
Widowhood
Islam
Divorce
Russia
Vulnerable Populations
Smoking Cessation
Social Support
Tobacco

Keywords

  • Armenia
  • Belarus
  • determinants of smoking
  • former Soviet Union
  • Georgia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Moldova
  • Russia
  • smoking
  • industry
  • gained entry
  • marital status
  • alcohol consumption
  • emerging markets
  • Baltic republics
  • tobacco control
  • moving east
  • mortality
  • prevalence

Cite this

Determinants of smoking in eight countries of the former Soviet Union : results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study. / Pomerleau, Joceline ; Gilmore, Anna ; McKee, Martin; Rose, Charles Richard; Haerpfer, Christian Wilhelm.

In: Addiction, Vol. 99, No. 4, 12.2004, p. 1577-1585.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pomerleau, Joceline ; Gilmore, Anna ; McKee, Martin ; Rose, Charles Richard ; Haerpfer, Christian Wilhelm. / Determinants of smoking in eight countries of the former Soviet Union : results from the living conditions, lifestyles and health study. In: Addiction. 2004 ; Vol. 99, No. 4. pp. 1577-1585.
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