Determination of arsenic in agricultural soil samples using High-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry and direct solid sample analysis

Mauana Schneider, Heloisa R. Cadorim, Bernhard Welz, Eduardo Carasek, Joerg Feldmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soils around coal-fired thermal power plants based on coal combustion can present high concentrations of arsenic. This fact has a direct effect on the food chain. Arsenic can be absorbed by plants and vegetables through the soil, which will then serve as food for different animals, spreading the contamination. A method has been developed using high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (HR-CS GFAAS) for direct determination of arsenic in solid soil samples. Different chemical modifiers were tested to suppress the matrix effects observed. Among them, the modifier that showed the best results was the Zr, used as a permanent modifier. The optimized pyrolysis and atomization temperatures were 1000°C and 2200°C, respectively. A calibration curve was established using aqueous standard solutions which was linear up to 16 ng of arsenic. The characteristic mass and limit of detection were 22pg and 73pg As, respectively. The accuracy of the method was verified using two certified reference materials and comparison with results obtained for samples after microwave-assisted digestion. Eleven soil samples were collected around the power plant Complex Jorge Lacerda–Tractebel Suezin, in the south of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The concentration of As ranged from 3.4mg kg-1to 9.7mg kg-1, which is within the limits allowed by Brazilian legislation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)722-728
Number of pages7
JournalTalanta
Volume188
Early online date15 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Atomic absorption spectrometry
Graphite
Arsenic
Spectrum Analysis
Furnaces
Soil
Power Plants
Soils
Coal
Power plants
Food Chain
Coal combustion
Vegetables
Atomization
Microwaves
Legislation
Calibration
Brazil
Limit of Detection
Digestion

Keywords

  • Arsenic determination
  • Soil analysis
  • Thermal power plants
  • Direct solid sample analysis
  • Graphite furnace atomization
  • spectral interference

Cite this

Determination of arsenic in agricultural soil samples using High-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry and direct solid sample analysis. / Schneider, Mauana; Cadorim, Heloisa R. ; Welz, Bernhard; Carasek, Eduardo; Feldmann, Joerg.

In: Talanta, Vol. 188, 01.10.2018, p. 722-728.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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author = "Mauana Schneider and Cadorim, {Heloisa R.} and Bernhard Welz and Eduardo Carasek and Joerg Feldmann",
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AB - Soils around coal-fired thermal power plants based on coal combustion can present high concentrations of arsenic. This fact has a direct effect on the food chain. Arsenic can be absorbed by plants and vegetables through the soil, which will then serve as food for different animals, spreading the contamination. A method has been developed using high-resolution continuum source graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (HR-CS GFAAS) for direct determination of arsenic in solid soil samples. Different chemical modifiers were tested to suppress the matrix effects observed. Among them, the modifier that showed the best results was the Zr, used as a permanent modifier. The optimized pyrolysis and atomization temperatures were 1000°C and 2200°C, respectively. A calibration curve was established using aqueous standard solutions which was linear up to 16 ng of arsenic. The characteristic mass and limit of detection were 22pg and 73pg As, respectively. The accuracy of the method was verified using two certified reference materials and comparison with results obtained for samples after microwave-assisted digestion. Eleven soil samples were collected around the power plant Complex Jorge Lacerda–Tractebel Suezin, in the south of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The concentration of As ranged from 3.4mg kg-1to 9.7mg kg-1, which is within the limits allowed by Brazilian legislation.

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