Development of a 3D spheroid cell culture system from fish cell lines for in vitro infection studies: Evaluation with Saprolegnia parasitica

Marc N. Faber, Jerry M. Sojan, Marcia Saraiva, Pieter van West, Christopher J. Secombes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Understanding the ways in which pathogens infect host cells is essential to improve and develop new treatment strategies. This study aimed to generate a novel in vitro infection model by establishing a reproducible 3D spheroid cell culture system that may lead to a reduced need for animals in fish disease research. 2D models (commonly cell lines) cannot replicate many key conditions of in vivo infections, but 3D spheroids have the potential to provide bridging technology between in vivo and in vitro systems. 3D spheroids were generated using cells from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cell lines, RTG-2 and RTS-11. The RTG-2 spheroids were tested for their potential to be infected upon exposure to Saprolegnia parasitica spores. Positive infiltration of mycelia into the spheroids was verified by confocal microscopy. As a closer analogue of in vivo conditions encountered during infection, the straightforward model developed in this study shows promise as an additional tool that can be used to further our understanding of host–pathogen interactions for Saprolegnia and possibly a variety of other fish pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Fish Diseases
Early online date12 Jan 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • 3D cell culture
  • fish model
  • Parasite culture
  • Saprolegnia
  • spheroid

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