Development of a hybrid sleep and physical activity improvement intervention for adults with osteoarthritis-related pain and sleep disturbance: A focus group study with potential users

Daniel Whibley* (Corresponding Author), Kevin Stelfox, Alasdair Henry, Niicole Tang, Anna Kratz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective:
Suboptimal sleep and physical activity are common among people living with osteoarthritis (OA) and simultaneous improvements in both may have a beneficial impact on pain. This study aimed to gather perspectives of people living with OA on important aspects to incorporate in a hybrid sleep and physical activity improvement intervention for OA pain management.

Design:
Qualitative study using two rounds of two focus groups.

Setting and participants:
Focus groups were conducted with adults living with OA-related chronic pain and sleep disturbances. Eighteen people attended focus groups in January 2020 and, of these, 16 attended subsequent focus groups in February 2020.

Methods:
Discussion at the first round of focus groups informed generation of prototype intervention materials that were shared, discussed and refined at the second round of focus groups. Thematic analysis was used to identify themes and sub-themes from the data.

Results:
Three themes, each with three sub-themes, were identified: facilitators of engagement with the intervention (sub-themes: motivational language, accountability and education); barriers to engagement (sub-themes: suboptimal interaction with healthcare practitioners, recording behaviour as burdensome/disruptive and uncertainty about technique) and characteristics of a physical activity intervention component (sub-themes: tailored, sustainable and supported).

Conclusion:
We have identified important aspects to incorporate into the design and delivery of a hybrid sleep and physical activity improvement intervention for OA pain management. Insights will be incorporated into intervention materials and protocols, with feasibility and acceptability assessed in a future study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Pain
Early online date25 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jun 2021

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